Moscow Urban Forum 2016
Manezhnaya pl., 45, Moskva, Russia, 109012, Moskva, Russian Federation
Fast-Growing Megacities: Technologies for Dynamic Development There are around 36 megacities in the world today with a population of over 10 mln people each. Such megacities produce over 2/3 of the world GDP, they include more than 80 % of the global scientific community and over 80 % of registered patents. Megacity is a relatively new and specialised form of organization of people's lives, a space of possibilities for everyone and for society in general. At the same time, megacities exist in different dimensions − from a node in the country’s settlement framework to a city block or a small neighbourhood community. They are the focus and the locus of many global and national trends. A big city becomes an arena of contradictions and cooperation of institutions of the national, regional and municipal administration. In the economy of a megacity, national policy interlaces with problems of the city itself, interests of global business - with goals of national and local business communities. All known nationalities of the world reside in megacities, there is the entire range of professions, social and ethnic groups. Culture of the city, its architecture and education inevitably bear imprints of global tendencies, national traditions and local identity. The more their variety is, the more stable the city framework, and the easier it is for the city's economy to discover growth potential. A modern megacity is designed to develop as a space offering maximum choice and levels of freedom to all its participants. Variety, availability, and flexibility should be present in all spheres of the city life - from economy to architecture, from culture and education to town planning regulations and transport policy. The achievement of these goals is a prerequisite for the inclusion of the city in the national and global context, and the key to its successful interaction both with other cities and with various levels of political, administrative and cultural hierarchy.