Luoyuan Anglican Church

Luoyuan Anglican Church

INUCE • Dirk U. Moench
Luoyuan County, Fuzhou, Fujian, China | View Map
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INUCE • Dirk U. Moench as Architects


The Battlezone Between City and Countryside

Luoyuan is a county town at the coast of Fujian, a Chinese province famous for its tea production on terraced plantations, its Hakka ethnic minority and their distinct ring - shaped residential architecture, the so-called “Tulou”. Resting on rich deposits of granite the place has developed a sophisticated stone industry, allowing it to grow from a small fishing village to a diversified city of some 200.000 people in less than two decades. Economic prosperity and growth increased the quality of life in Luoyuan, but they also transformed the land deeply: Today, the surrounding mountain slopes are scarred with quarries, formerly idyllic farmlands are sullied with factories, and vast residential high-rise districts are pushing the urban fringe further and further. While this accelerated urbanization is quickly washing away the remaining vernacular settlements with their traditional community life, it also presented the Anglican Congregation of Luoyuan with the opportunity to acquire one of the rare permissions to build a new sanctuary outside of the narrow confinements of the city centre. Since 2011 this little community is devoting all its resources to building a new daughter church in one of the newly developing districts.


A Little Community and Its Mission

Anticipating many young couples with children to live in the future residential neighbourhoods, the new church distinctly addresses young believers’ need of a safe and nurturing environment for their children. Its differentiated program includes not only individual service venues for parents and children, but also activity rooms for all age groups, admin as well as a library and a tea house. The particular challenge of this project lies in overcoming two dichotomies: On one hand, to integrate the complex and mundane requirements of such a mixed-use building with the dignified presence of a place of worship. On the other, to retain a sense of tradition and local authenticity in this increasingly anonymous environment, while making an iconic and future-oriented statement for the fast-growing number of Christians in Fujian’s countryside.


Transcending the Desolation through both Company and Solitude

Placed in the midst of such desolation, the new sanctuary must become a refuge from the torments of a changing world, a place where those in need can find the peace to heal. The realized design therefore emulates characteristics that local believers are familiar with: Typological elements of the vernacular Tulou, such as its concentric organization around a courtyard with pavilion or features of the adjacent countryside such as tea terraces surrounding the church. In this manner the church embodies the traditional community-based lifestyle – retaining a glimpse of the place ‘s fading rural identity - and creates an environment where believers can feel in communion with their Christian family while their children learn and play safely within a protected environment.

Conversely, the service hall represents a space of meditative seclusion composed of two facades with a total of 107 707 individual pieces of traditional stained glass. The depicted artwork “De Profundis” was designed by the architect in union with the space; it exudes an atmosphere of profound blue, carrying believers away to a metaphorical place deep down at the bottom of the ocean, in which daunting darkness is dispersed by an aura of divine light. In the future the void between inner and outer facades will be used to artificially light up the glass, thus transforming the church at night into a beacon shining inwards and outwards. With 1412 sqm of surface area, it constitutes the largest stained-glass façade in China and one of the largest of its kind in the world. After more than seven years of construction the church is now nearly completed and will be consecrated by Spring 2019.

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