Design of the Małopolska Garden of Arts – awarded the 2012 Professor JanuszBogdanowski Prize for best architecture in Kraków
The building of the Małopolska Garden of Arts (MGA) has been realized according to a competition-winning design by Ingarden&Ewy Architects. The program and the initiative of establishing this new cultural institution in Kraków was proposed in the year 2004, by Krzysztof Orzechowski, Director of the JuliuszSłowacki Theatre and JanuszSepioł, at the time the Marshal of the MałopolskaVoivodeship. It is no coincidence that the building was raised in the vicinity of ul. Karmelicka – a street popular with students and locals alike – opposite the building of the publiclibrary, with the aim of ensuring its smooth inclusion into the “bloodstream” of the city.
The building of MGA introduced new spatial order to the old backyards and ruined buildings in Rajska and Szujskiego streets in Krakow. The starting point was a multifunctional hall, which was entered into the outline of the old, 19th-century horse-riding arena, used in the last years of its history as workshops and storage space for the JuliuszSłowacki Theatre in Kraków.
The Małopolska Garden of Arts is a cross between two institutions: the JuliuszSłowacki Theatre and the MalopolskaVoivodeship Library. The wing on Szujskiego Street holds a modern art and media library, with multimedia books and music, while the section standing on ul. Rajska has been developed by the theatre, and is equipped with a multifunctional events hall. The new hall – operating, as a studio theatre, conference room, concert hall, and venue for banquets and exhibitions – holds retractable stages for 300 people. State-of-the-art stage technology is present overhead: fixed on hoists and cranes to the steel ceiling girders. This allows dramas and concerts to be performed, and exhibitions, film screenings, symposiums, conferences, art auctions, fashion shows, and many more events to be held. Altogether, the space of about 4300 sq.m houses a theatre together with a cosy cinema with 98 seats, a café, and premises for the organisation of educational, art-related activities.
Honing the form, the architects focused on interaction with the future recipients, which is why the entire spatial form of the symbolic, openwork roofing raised over the garden from the side of Rajska Street – though not functioning as an actual roof – is there to transport the gateway to the stage out onto the street. In this way, the building delicately nudges passers-by with the skilful manipulation of the form, already at first glance giving the onlooker the impression of going beyond the borders of a garden, where culture is grown in evenly planted rows. Further proof of the sophisticated play with the space is the garden itself. Imitating flower beds, the equal bands with low greens are a metaphor of a garden: as much as the architects could afford here. A notable fact is that historically “ulicaRajska” – literally “Paradise Street” – led to the Garden of Paradise, which was later replaced by the developments of the Tobacco Works.
Architect Krzysztof Ingarden (collaborating with JacekEwý), claims that the form of the building is a contextual game between “mimesis and the abstraction”.In practice, this means that the building is by no means a simulacrum of the context, but rather draws inspiration from the code of contextual forms by making references to the geometry of the roofs and tissue of the neighbouring structures applied for the abstract geometrical compositions of the façades. The building fits the scale of its environment perfectly by maintaining the lines of the roof and divisions of the façades in line with the composition and linear solutions of the neighbouring buildings.
The final impact is the result of the designers’ sensitivity to signals coming from the environment. For example, the opening in the perforated roof of the garden was formed, especially for the maple tree that grows there. In recognition of its exquisite sense of spatial composition and creative form in historical context, the building was awarded with the Professor JanuszBogdanowski Prize, for the best architectural achievement in Krakow in the year 2012.
In this place, the cultural life of the Kraków’s young artistic set will blossom under a shared roof. Modern ballet, contemporary theatre forms, audio and video arts, concerts, and all and any other artistic pursuits will find their home here.
Together with the technical furnishing of the stage, the construction project consumed approximately PLN 47 million, and was co-financed from EU funds as a part of the Małopolska Regional Operational Programme 2007–2013.
On the design of Małopolska Garden of Arts:
DawidHajok, journalist: “Although the official opening does not take place until 19th October, it has already been nicknamed the Kraków Pompidou Centre. Małopolska Garden of Art intrigues with its architecture, inscribed perfectly in the ancient city of Kraków surrounding it.” (GazetaWyborcza w Krakowie regional supplement to national daily, 14th September 2012)
JanuszSepioł, Senator, Marshal of Małopolska Region in 2002–2006:
“The building is a pure emanation of the Gesamtkunstwerk concept.”
(GazetaWyborcza national daily 14th September, 2012);
“Although inscribed in the stereometry of this part of the city, the building is ostentatiously different. The texture, the colour, the relationship with the street, the articulation of the façade, whose division into storeys is blurred, and which is not just a wall with openings cut out for window, yet is no curtain either – all these are decisive for its singularity. Even though the connection with the legacy of the space is sensed strongly – an existing tree, a brick front wall – what we enter at the same time is a new, unconventional space, where the roof seems to be the same construction and tissue as the external walls. Some say – or at least this is what Bruno Zevi claims – that architecture is the art of space. What moves one in this building is its extraordinary, unexpected perspectives: vistas many metres long.” (MałopolskiOgródSztuki, a publication by the JuliuszSłowacki Theatre in Kraków, in print)
Krzysztof Orzechowski, Director of the JuliuszSłowackiTheatre in Kraków: “I devoted eight years to the Małopolska Garden of Art. First to the idea, then to the construction. The world trends in architecture and art lay at the foundation of my concept. Today, one does not build a theatre for a theatre, a gallery for a gallery, a cinema for a cinema, but rather forms modern, multifunctional art centres, spaces teeming with life from morning till long into the night, open both for the public and the artists representing various fields of artistic creation, and also for experts dealing with the art and practice of exhibition and education. The latest yet already established fashions command that the individual arts be combined, synthesised.”
(Czymdlamnie jest MałopolskiOgródSztuki? [lit.: What Małopolska Garden of Art means to me] in: MałopolskiOgródSztuki, a publication by the JuliuszSłowacki Theatre in Kraków, in print)
Krzysztof Bień, architect, a member of the Professor JanuszBogdanowski Prize:
“Tactfulness and a feeling of the space, use of suitable construction materials, and respect for the surrounding architecture: all these have contributed to the ordering of the formerly bedraggled Rajska and Szujskiego streets, and enriched the legacy urban tissue. I express the hope, if not certainty, that this place will become another icon of Kraków.”
Laudatory speech on the occasion of the award of the 2012 Professor JanuszBogdanowski Prize to Małopolska Garden of Art.