ITÚ RESIDENTIAL

Douglas Piccolo Arquitetura e Planejamento Visual as Architects

– Project: 1979/ 1980

– Conclusion of the work: 1981

– Restoration: 2018

– Land Area: 1.110,00m²

– Build Area: 3.791,60m²

– Apartment Type 1 Area: 62,00m²

– Apartment Type 2 Area: 66,00m²

– Apartment Type 3 Area: 71,00m²

– Structural Project: Engineer Claudionor Strufaldi

– Electrical Project: Kazuo Kurosawa

– Construction: Julumá Construções e Empreendimentos Mobiliários Ltda.

– Location: São Bernardo do Campo - SP

TECHNOLOGICAL REPERTOIRE

 

- The Mixed structural masonry

With the advent of concrete structural blocks, structural masonry began to be used in Switzerland to replace non-steel in that country in the 40's and 50's. Due to its advantages it expanded throughout Europe in the 60's and 70's.In Brazil it took a long time to be introduced and only in the mid 70's, structural masonry started to be treated as engineering technology with well-defined criteria. Its efficiency and economy have consolidated its use in residential and industrial buildings.This system was used for three- or four-story residential complexes on a “radier” foundation, where it was typified as a “low-income” system on the outskirts of cities.

The economic advantages provided by this construction system over the conventional one encouraged its use with creativity. The economical use of wood in the formwork, the use of concrete and hardware, the workmanship of carpentry and blacksmithing, simplification of detail, quickness and ease of construction, excellent fire resistance, excellent thermal acoustic insulation, have made it possible for a class to use. highest in the most central areas of cities.Mixed structures were needed and began to occur depending on the areas for the smaller projects with covered and semi-covered car spaces to be located on the ground or underground. This concept of mixed structure was widely used in buildings with three to five floors with this different use. Residential Itu, pioneer in this concept; It has pillars from the foundations to the floor of the second floor, which is completely structured through beams and transitional slabs, and the other floors are supported by brick masonry.

 

PLASTICITY AND AESTHETICS

The use of apparent concrete simplified the finishing of the structural areas and in the external masonry a textured “single coat” finishes and in the internal plasters masonry.

LEGISLATION – RAMPS

 

The construction of buildings up to four floors, ground floor plus three floors were exempt from the use of elevators and only one stairway system served the vertical circulation. The cost of elevators was very high and according to location and demand made the venture unfeasible.

The legislation did not yet cover the disabled, but the absence of this equipment restricted part of the sales to this public as well as the elderly population.

Residential Itú was a pioneer in not adopting the stairway system, but rather ramps for pedestrian circulation, which made this activity enjoyable and socializing.

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