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La Cite des Affaires

La Cite des Affaires

Manuelle Gautrand Architecture
ZacChâteaucreux, Saint-Etienne, France
Project Year
© Vincent Fillon

"La Cite des Affaires" office building in Saint-Etienne : High performance façade

Manuelle Gautrand Architecture as Architects

The site is a vital liaison point between the centre of Saint-Etienne and the new Chateaucreux neighbourhood, to which it forms a major entranceway. It also constitutes a pole grouping several government bodies that will set up there : Regional Development Authority, Tax Services, Epora, Saint-Etienne Métropole, and so on. Service and leisure facilities will also be part of the mix: shared corporate restaurant, café, tourism bureau for the metropiltan area. The idea is to develop a long built ‘continuum’ on the site to interact with adjacent streets. A linear construction that rears up and unfolds but also hugs the ground line to form a low accessible building - one that opens spacious courts and lifts bold overhangs.

Each of its large bays serves an access route: the main portal opens to the concourse on avenue Grüner, which draws pedestrians into the project in a sliding movement. A high ceiling shelters and magnifies this entranceway, which is the finest and largest of three. The other two large ‘ports’ open the project to the streets that irrigate the lot, interconnecting pedestrian itineraries in the area.

Our desire for continuity in construction does not simply reflect the idea of building a legible and unitary urban landmark, it also provides the flexibility that the project needs. In fact, the principle behind this continuum is to imagine a set of ‘communicating parts’ that enable the user-administrations to merge into a whole, one and all, and to evolve according to their needs in harmony with those of other tenants. The absence of breaks in surfaces will ensure that things remain open-ended, with the possibility of extending or reducing space.

The project is like a large ‘Aztec serpent’ rising on the lot. Its body has three identical outer faces, and an underside that is different: a skin of silvery transparent scales and a bright yellow ‘throat’, shiny and opaque.

This dual treatment of surfaces obeys a simple logic shared throughout, which aims at expressing clarity in folds. Depending on these movements, the yellow underside is either a floating canopy or an interior vertical wall, accompanying internal pedestrian movements with its rich luminous presence. The nearness of so much gorgeous yellow brightens up pavements and glazed elevations, casting golden washes over them like sunlight…This is a project that is about bringing together yellow and grey, silver and gold.

The façade’s design is the answer to the architectural, programmatic, geographic and economic context, with the purpose to lead to high thermal performances.

The façade’s principle is based on the complimentarity of a glass skin and a mineral skin. Each skin performs from energetic and thermal viewpoints.

- High thermal performance thanks to: - big double-glazing surfaces including a 16mm argon spacer, well known for its high thermal insulation capacity : TL 60%, FS 31%, Ug = 1,1 W/m².°C.,

- the alternation between the glass units and the opaque units allows the following global Ucw = 1,5 W/m². °C. The opaque units constitute 30% of 10.000 m² total surface of the façade,

- ‘sandwich’ panels made up of an aluminum alloy, a thermal insulating material, and a steel lacquered sheet (from the exterior to the interior),

- a structure made up of prefab frames, steel profiles with ‘thermal bridge’ breaking based, allow a perfect air permeability,

- window frames are set on the mineral façade (concrete load-bearing façade from 20 to 40 cm width), by a random way, with high thermal properties

- A highlighted contribution:

This highlighted contribution is ensured by the façade: - a suitable windows choice to avoid the exposures to the sun’s constraints, so the windows which are not exposed to the sun have got a clearer glazing with the sun supply TL +75%,

- top height windows allow the heat of sun in the office, permitting the consumption’ stepping down for the artificial light.

- The best light distribution in the offices thanks the variation of the window frames installation compared to the floors; the window frames are setting out by a horizontal or vertical way.

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Product Spec Sheet

Metallic frameworkBaudin-Chateauneuf
Roofing / FinishingsPitance-Lamy
Product Spec Sheet
by Allouis
Metallic framework
Roofing / Finishings
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