NARSIGHAR
Vinay Panjwani

NARSIGHAR

Sanjay Puri Architects as Architects

Situated in the arid desert region of Nokha in Rajasthan, India , the Narsighar house imbibes the traditional planning principles of the regional architecture prevalent since centuries in Rajasthan.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

Most of the houses & palaces built in this region since centuries had courtyards for passive cooling , thick stone walls to combat the excessive heat & stone ‘jali’ screens to mitigate heat gain.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

The Narsighar house is punctuated with a series of courtyards & built in the local sandstone available in the immediate vicinity. Each of the living spaces open into sheltered outdoor spaces screened with perforated stone panels. These screens in addition to reducing heat gain, also protect the inner spaces from the sandstorms prevalent in the region.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

The home based on the clients needs to accommodate 4 generations has 9 bedrooms with multifunctional living spaces ,sheltered courtyards & patios all around.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

In addition to the traditional planning principles, elements of traditional Rajasthan architecture including multifoil arched windows, patterned stone screens, stone pergolas, inlay work & carving work accentuate the spaces.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

Rajasthan in India is home to many craftsmen with crafts including stone carving, marble inlay, carpentry work, mirror work inlay, lime plaster and more. The entire house was executed & worked upon by these local craftsmen reviving many traditional techniques.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

Although the house appears large , over 40% of the area is in the form of open courtyards, circulation spaces and sheltered outdoor patios . Each volume is articulated individually with the home being perceived as a composition of varying volumes.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

An entry car porch opens into a sunlit courtyard that leads to a sheltered stone arcade flanked by water troughs and gardens for passive cooling before one enters the house. The skylit entrance lobby within the house is flanked by a living room & an open seating area & leads one into a large central courtyard.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

The main courtyard punctuating the house is naturally ventilated through clear storey windows with the circulation skirting its perimeter. Sectionally , there is a flow of different volumes within. Most of the rooms are 4M high with the main living room 6.5M high, the central courtyard 12M high, the north & south courtyards 8M high and the outdoor patios 3.6M high. Every living space & bedroom in the house open into sheltered outdoor spaces creating transitional volumes between the inside & the outside to mitigate heat gain.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

Indirect sunlight permeates all the spaces filtered through arches or stone screens creating different shadow patterns throughout the day.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

This house was designed with traditional principles & materials for passive cooling with contract labor from the nearby villages, stone from the vicinity, craftsmen from the region & all material sourced locally. The marble, stone, wood, lime plaster & furniture are all procured from Rajasthan.

photo_credit Vinay Panjwani
Vinay Panjwani

Designed contextual to the climate, location & heritage of the region Narsighar revives the Indian traditional planning principles and revives traditional crafts, creating an energy efficient home built to last for centuries, for future generations.  

photo_credit SANJAY PURI ARCHITECTS
SANJAY PURI ARCHITECTS
photo_credit SANJAY PURI ARCHITECTS
SANJAY PURI ARCHITECTS

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