Bioclimatic Community Mosque of Pamulang
William Sutanto

Bioclimatic Community Mosque of Pamulang

RAD+ar (Research Artistic Design + architecture) as Architects, Landscape

A mosque, unlike most religious places, has purposes that was more than just a place of worship for Muslims, oftentimes, it took shape as a community center, meeting place, even for some developing country, a recreational space. Bioclimatic Community Mosque aims to address the fundamental issues of designing a mosque by distancing itself from the current architectural discussions based on form and focusing solely on the essence of religious space.

 

Situated in the middle of young demographic community, Masjid DarulUlumPamulang were designed to be very low maintenance and self-sufficient as the extremely unfriendly environment where direct heat and high humidity were very dominant. Bioclimatic design was an obvious direction to adopt that utilizes it’s extreme lumen from solar energy as 12 hours indirect natural lighting toward the bulks of the mosque and other related environmental resources to provide indoor and outdoor human thermal comfort, such as detailed technique for cross ventilation (inlet-outlet variation, usage of roster, side and top shaded opening for stack effects).

 

As an effort to reduce cost for community mosque and increasing efficiency, architects decided to replace 95% of what were supposed to be brick partition and replaced it with more than 30.000 pieces of accustomed roster block ( that provides lights and wind tunnel while maintaining privacy) that were manually manufactured by the local community for the community.

 

Basic geometric-volumetric approach as the sunken massing (to harness lower temperature) stacked on top of another, this allowed many level of wind speed variation crossing the building that provides total shade and extreme temperature and air pressure differences that ensure 24 hours cross ventilation & thermal chimney effect.

 

Design replace the iconic Islamic dome (which mostly a quintessential characteristic of mosques) with a plate of active greenroof to cool down top most plates and to reduce enormous urban heat island contributed to the surrounding environment. This were viewed as a movement to redefining Islamic spaces in postmodern context and needs based on accustomed necessity.  

 

With a capacity to accommodate approximately 1,000 people, the mosque is also designed to blend with nature and local culture. As the interior space were basically a shaded outdoor space, wind speed were varies, this was found to be quite effective to tackle the problem of large gathering indoor during airborne pandemic such Covid-19 that happened recently.

Read story in DeutschPortuguêsItalianoEspañol and Français

Project Credits
Product Spec Sheet

Project Spotlight
Product Spotlight
News
WOODlife’s floors and finishes add warmth and texture to Oslo House
17 May 2024 News
WOODlife’s floors and finishes add warmth and texture to Oslo House

Dutch flooring brand WOODlife was included in Archello’s list of 25 best engineered wood floor... More

Knox Bhavan completes energy-efficient and accessible house using prefabricated timber cassette system
16 May 2024 News
Knox Bhavan completes energy-efficient and accessible house using prefabricated timber cassette system

London-based architectural practice Knox Bhavan has completed an energy-efficient and accessible hou... More

Wangen Tower is first multi-level and climbable structure to use self-shaped timber components
15 May 2024 Innovations
Wangen Tower is first multi-level and climbable structure to use self-shaped timber components

Wangen Tower is the first multi-level and climbable structure to use self-shaped, structural timber... More

Lumi Shala by IBUKU is a sculptural bamboo-grid-shell yoga center in Bali
15 May 2024 News
Lumi Shala by Ibuku is a sculptural bamboo-grid-shell yoga center in Bali

Lumi Shala is an artisanal wellness space at the Alchemy Yoga Centre in Bali designed by local archi... More

Makoto Yamaguchi Design completes Tokyo gaming HQ with contemporary appearance of traditional Japanese pagoda
14 May 2024 News
Makoto Yamaguchi Design completes Tokyo gaming HQ with contemporary appearance of traditional Japanese pagoda

Tokyo-based Makoto Yamaguchi Design has completed the new headquarters of a Japanese gaming company... More

25 best aluminum window manufacturers
13 May 2024 Specification
25 best aluminum window manufacturers

Aluminum windows and window systems are lightweight, corrosion-resistant, and structurally strong. S... More

Detail: Red facade and triangular plot create distinctive apartment building in Barcelona
10 May 2024 Detail
Detail: Red facade and triangular plot create distinctive apartment building in Barcelona

Barcelona-based architectural studios MIAS Architects and Coll-Leclerc have completed the developmen... More

Snøhetta completes Norway’s first naturally climatized mixed-use building
8 May 2024 News
Snøhetta completes Norway’s first naturally climatized mixed-use building

Global transdisciplinary architecture and design practice Snøhetta has completed Norway&rsquo... More