The Lukiškės square began to form in the green suburb of Vilnius. The image of the territory of the city center has changed considerably during the history. With the intensification of the surrounding settlement, the trapezoidal shape of the space was evident, buildings of substancial architectural stylistic emerged. The functionality of the space has changed: broad suburban fields, used for market place, gradually decreased. The introduction of tree planting lines in space perimeter resulted in the appearance of representativeness. During the tsarist occupation of Russia, the space was used even for the demonstration in 1863. rebellious execution. During the Polish times, military parades were being retrieved here, and in the Soviet era the territory was turned into an ideologically stalled square in front of the KGB's palace, a Lenin monument was built. After Lithuania restored it‘s independence, dismantling of the sculpture, symbolized the final victory of freedom.
The main objective is to reflect the expectations of all social groups in a huge public space. Lukiškės Square will preserve the prevailing green character, but it will clearly form and express functional zones, reflecting the historical layers of different epochs. The square will naturally become a symbol of freedom and democracy.
The main provision - to reconcile the representative and recreational functions - it is important, first of all, to clearly separate the representative, memorial, social and recreational functional areas, and then, to link them to a single composite whole. The solution is emphasized by the line of artistic tension - the symbolic boundary between occupations of Lithuania and freedom. This section in space has highlighted two parts: a representative solid area of the square where representative events, city celebrations, fairs, etc. can be held, as well as green - a democratic zone with lots of life and greenery - places for picnics, outdoor cafes, children's playgrounds, playgrounds , walking trails, bike trail. New lighting fixtures, other small architectural elements are installed here. The "tree of life" is a system of green space tracks, from the main path - the trunk - is split into smaller branches and immediately joins the adjacent city spaces.