Nanshan Foreign Language School

Nanshan Foreign Language School

Architect
Studio Link-Arc

Lab D+H
Location
Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Project Year
2018
Category
Primary Schools

Secondary Schools
Shengliang Su

School as Urban Garden - Nanshan Foreign Language School

Studio Link-Arc as Architects

Shenzhen Nanshan Foreign Language (NSFL) School is a 54,000 m² elementary and middle school campus, comprising regular and specialized classrooms, library, gymnasium, indoor swimming pool, auditorium, dormitory, along with dining halls, and dedicated playgrounds. Located in Shenzhen’s DaChong neighborhood, the NSFL elementary and middle school campus represents the last piece of a decade-long development, which saw the area change from a compact industrial outskirt into a vertical city.


The NSFL campus is conceived as a sweeping, horizontal garden that stands in sharp contrast with the ever denser, ever more vertical urban environment it serves. The design intentionally breaks the distinction between building and open space – which defines its surroundings – in favor of a low-rise linear hybrid of closed, semi-enclosed, and green, open spaces. To achieve the low-rise condition, Studio Link-Arc’s design uses the natural slope of the site to top the large program volumes of the gym, pool, dining halls and auditorium with a series of terraced platforms, which become a new ground for dedicated teaching spaces and playgrounds.


This configuration allows an unrestrained linear organization of all teaching spaces without the need to develop the building vertically. The design uses a three-story bar arrangement of staggered classrooms that sweep the site from east to west, chasing every available square inch of sunlight penetrating the surrounding concrete forest. The sinuous motion of classroom ribbons generates a fluid sequence of outdoor spaces tailored to the specific needs of each teaching area. The dynamic, elongated courtyards of the specialized and middle schools turn into enclosed, protective courtyards for the primary school and library, or conversely, open into vast grounds used for physical activities.


The project intentionally breaks with conventional school design – which divides the campus into buildings and functional zones – in favor of a sectional organization of spaces that maximizes access to green space and daylight for each classroom independent of their location. This strategy imposes a perpetual tweaking of the vertical arrangement of spaces, which generates endless sectional variations and creates a highly diverse compendium of spatial conditions for play, recreation, and interaction. The sectional variation spurs a series of spatial configurations that calls for an intelligent response to different environmental conditions. Given Shenzhen’s hot and humid climate, the design introduces a weather protective system formed by hangovers, shading boxes, and corrugated aluminum panels, based on a rigorous year-round solar radiance study.

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