Specifier · Let manufacturers think along with the materialization of your project
Xiao Jing Wang University

Xiao Jing Wang University

Architect
Foster + Partners

GDI
Location
Huizhou, Shenzhen, China | View Map
Project Year
2016
Category
Universities
Stories By
Foster + Partners

LOPO Terracotta
© Nigel Young_Foster + Partners

Xiao Jing Wan China Resources University

Foster + Partners as Architects

Xiao Jing Wan is a coastal urban development located to the east of Shenzhen. Foster + Partners has designed a mixed-use development consisting of a hotel, clubhouse, retail and residential components in the region, also including a 55,000 square-metre university campus for China Resources Group. Situated astride a hill, with exceptional views towards the South China Sea, the management training institute accommodates 500 students, with residential facilities for up to 300 students and 35 staff.

 

Five teaching buildings and the innovation centre flank the central boulevard at the crest of the hill, which terminates with the main auditorium building, containing the main lecture theatre for 580 people and other meeting rooms. The library, additional auditoria, students’ bar, gym and residences step down the side, maintaining sea views, and are linked by lush landscaping. The buildings are arranged with a strong horizontal emphasis, and use the same restrained palette of materials in their construction, consisting of fair-faced concrete exposed internally and externally, bronze coloured cladding and a specially developed clay brick.

 

This area of Shenzhen has a history of brick masonry buildings, and the design of the university buildings follow in this tradition with a contemporary interpretation of the conventional building block. More than half a metre long, the specially designed brick is made from locally available earth which has a high clay content. The entire manufacturing process was carried out at a neighbouring factory, where the machine-made bricks were given a rough texture by hand-pressing coarse stones against them before firing. The bricks were baked at varying temperatures between 1250 and 1290 degrees Celsius to obtain slight variations in colour shades, matching the different tones of earth found in the surrounding area.

 

Each brick – 60 millimetres deep and 42 millimetre high – was overlaid with an 8 millimetre layer of coloured mortar – the shade of which was carefully selected to exude warmth and complement the colour of the fair-faced concrete structure. The result is a precise, well-engineered complex of buildings that derive their character from the basic building block – the brick, simultaneously reflecting the area’s vernacular heritage and the contemporary nature of the university buildings.

 

Materials Used:
1. Fair faced concrete
2. Brick
3. Bronze aluminium

LOPO Long Brick For China Resources University

LOPO Terracotta as Manufacturers

Different from conventional bricks, the design team required that the red bricks must have roughness derived from natural materials, and varied surface patterns and tiered colors, in order to make the whole external wall more natural and charming. To produce the desired red bricks that meet the designers' requirement, LOPO technicians worked together with the Construction Department from China Resources (Holdings) Co.,Ltd in repetitive rounds of technical research, sample comparison, temperature control and testing. In terms of temperature control, LOPO conducted nearly 30 rounds of sample making, by firing the clay for 42-48 hours at a temperature ranging from 1200℃ to 1300℃, with an increment of 10℃ for each round of sample making. Finally, LOPO attained 10 types of brick colors that can meet the designers’ requirement for the brick’s color gradation. In addition, to ensure the roughness of natural materials and the variousness of the surface patterns, LOPO adopted manual graining process that is very time consuming, so that the brick surface can have natural and random grains.

Project Credits
Manufacturers
GDI
Collaborating Architect, Structural Engineer, Mechanical Engineers, Electrical & Lighting Engineer
WSP
Mechanical Engineers
Products used in this project
Product Spec Sheet

ElementBrandProduct name
ManufacturersLOPO Terracotta
Product Spec Sheet
Crown Lobby - 5255 Yonge Street
next project

Crown Lobby - 5255 Yonge Street

Offices
Toronto, ON, Canada - Build completed in 2019
View Project