Deeply rooted in cultural heritage, Thai architecture bears the indelible marks of centuries-old traditions yet remains adaptable to contemporary influences. Heavily inspired by surrounding Asian countries like China and India, Thai architecture showcases an intensive connection to the environment and socio-cultural beliefs. Even today, local communities continue to embrace vernacular building techniques and sustainable practices. Given the challenging climate characterized by extreme heat and humidity, architectural design in Thailand must also address environmental factors, making sustainability and climate responsiveness integral aspects of contemporary architectural practices.
Recent decades have marked a shift in Thailand’s architectural vocabulary, bringing a new wave of architectural practices that reflect a nuanced understanding of cultural references and environmental considerations, underscoring the importance of context-sensitive design practices in a rapidly urbanizing landscape. The 25 architecture firms selected below summarize well the essence of Thai architecture.
IDIN ARCHITECTS, short for Integrating Design Into Nature, was established in 2004 by Jeravej Hongsakul with a vision to integrate ecological surroundings and human personality traits into its design philosophy. Its projects, such as the 'Phuket Gateway', have garnered recognition at national and international levels, winning prestigious awards like the ASA Architectural Design Awards, The Plan Award, Architizer A+ Awards, Arcasia Awards for Architecture, Design for Asia Awards, German Design Award, GOOD Design Award, and The Prix Versailles South Asia and the Pacific.
ASWA (Architectural Studio of Work - Aholic) is a design studio based in Bangkok, founded in 2013 by Phuttipan Aswakool and Chotiros Techamongklapiwat. The studio's approach focuses on exploring materials, architectural forms, and interior spaces that harmonize with natural light. Projects such as the Craft Estate and SLOT office underscore its emphasis on the contextual environment and materiality.
TOUCH Architect, established in 2014 by architects Setthakarn Yangderm and Parpis Leelaniramol, is a design studio headquartered in Bangkok. The name "TOUCH" reflects the studio's comprehensive approach, covering all stages of project development. Emphasizing human needs, cultural sensitivity, environmental awareness, and contextual experimentation, TOUCH Architect specializes in sustainable architecture. Its range of design services encompasses every aspect of the project lifecycle, from client consultations and research to concept development, construction documentation, and technical supervision.
Founded in 2004 by Amata Luphaiboon and Twitee Vajrabhaya Teparkum, Department of ARCHITECTURE Co., Ltd. engages in architecture, interior design, landscape design, and related design fields across diverse programmatic needs and scales. The firm is dedicated to nurturing architectural concepts, investigating social, cultural, and physical contexts, and innovating in material usage.
EKAR holds the view that architecture stems from a fusion of aesthetic appeal with practical utility, shaped by analytical thinking and contextual considerations. Its approach integrates elements from nature, society, culture, behaviour, taste, and time into distinctive architectural compositions. Each of EKAR's creations embodies a blend of science and art, aiming to optimize design effectiveness and foster a sense of place that catalyzes positive societal impact.
Integrated Field (IF) is a design firm headquartered in Thailand, guided by the principle of identifying a central question for each project and crafting the design around it. Founded in July 2011 by a team consisting of architects, an interior architect, a landscape architect, and an industrial designer, IF aims to collaborate across various disciplines to integrate diverse perspectives into its work.
Archimontage Design Fields Sophisticated, situated in Nonthaburi, Thailand, is a compact design studio established in 2007 by Cherngchai Riawruangsangkul. Specializing in architectural and interior design, the firm focuses on projects of varying scales, with a particular emphasis on small and medium-sized urban residences. Its notable projects include "Pakkret House," featuring a distinctive facade adorned with terracotta tiles for shading and visual interest. "Sena House" establishes a unique ambiance through a combination of materials, while "Chokchai 4 House" utilizes ramps and wire mesh curtains to redefine spatial access.
Stu/D/O Architects, located in Bangkok, is an architectural design studio that explores the realms of architecture, urbanism, and sustainable design. The firm embraces a dynamic studio culture aimed at generating innovative ideas and novel approaches to spatial creation. Founded with a commitment to sustainable architecture and community well-being, Stu/D/O prioritizes the human experience and the intricate dynamics of built environments in its work. Its philosophy centres on considering the diverse physical and cultural characteristics of each site to create context-specific architecture.
Onion, established in 2007 by Siriyot Chaiamnuay and Arisara Chaktranon, is a design firm located in Bangkok. Through an ongoing exploration, the firm seeks to address various requirements of modern lifestyles. Onion collaborates with local craftsmen to innovate techniques for utilizing indigenous materials, continually expanding the possibilities of spatial design. Its focus lies in creating integrated solutions for retail and living environments.
JUNSEKINO Architecture + Design, founded in 2008, operates under the belief that architecture and interior design are interconnected and equally vital. The firm emphasizes a methodical thinking process and careful consideration of overall proportion, with a specific focus on tropical-style environmental sustainability.
ANONYM, a Bangkok-based design studio prioritizes a balanced relationship between spaces, people, and contexts to achieve meaningful and distinctive designs for each project. Emphasizing diversity, innovation, and environmental sustainability, the firm believes in crafting designs that resonate with these principles. Founded by Phongphat Ueasangkhomset and Parnduangjai Roojnawate, its specialization lies in architectural and interior design, offering a wide range of services including architectural design, master planning, landscape design, and feasibility studies.
Established in 1975, PLAN Architect was founded by a collective of architects bound by a shared passion for groundbreaking and socially conscious architectural designs. With a firm belief that excellence in design can coexist with a dedication to Thai society, PLAN Architect strives to provide innovative architectural solutions. The firm's projects, such as the Nurse Dormitory at Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital and the Kensington Learning Space, exemplify its commitment to embracing research, conceptualization, and technology.
Bangkok Project Studio, founded by Boonserm Premthada in 2003, is an architecture firm known for its innovative and sustainable designs tailored to diverse contexts and needs. Through its extensive portfolio, the firm explores the interplay of light, shadow, wind, sound, and scent, while also addressing socio-economic and cultural considerations. Many of the firm's projects incorporate initiatives aimed at enhancing equality within communities.
Ayutt and Associates design, founded by Ayutt Mahasom, is involved in various architectural, interior, lighting, and landscape projects. Several of these projects have gained recognition in both local and international design competitions, as well as in publications worldwide. With a diverse portfolio, AAd has been engaged in projects across the Asia Pacific region, including Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Taiwan, and China. The firm boasts extensive experience in a wide array of construction endeavours, encompassing commercial, residential, hospitality, exhibition, institutional, mixed-use, and interior projects.
Founded in 2004 by architects NUI Ratiwat Suwannatrai and PRANG Wannaporn Suwanntrai, OPENBOX Architects (OPNBX) embodies the belief that architecture and landscape should seamlessly integrate. Over the past 15 years, the studio has demonstrated this philosophy through a multitude of projects, emphasizing the importance of a cohesive concept and harmonious relationship between built structures and their surroundings. Expanding its services to include architecture, landscape, and interior design, OPENBOX Studio underscores the significance of unified design concepts, blurring boundaries between disciplines to create distinct identities for each project.
Enter Projects Asia is an internationally acclaimed architecture firm committed to advancing architectural culture from its grassroots. Based in Bangkok, the firm is known for producing projects characterized by exceptional design integrity and material quality. Voted as ‘The Most Sustainable Architecture Practice in Thailand’ in 2021 by the Build Awards, it boasts a growing client base across South East Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA. The firm has also received multiple awards in sectors like Health & Wellness and Hospitality.
Established in 2010, Somdoon Architects draws its inspiration from the Thai term 'Somdoon', signifying 'balance'. Initially acknowledged for its contributions to residential projects spanning low to high-rise structures, the firm has earned global recognition, securing accolades such as the WAF World Architecture Festival Awards, Architecture Master Prize Awards, A+Awards, The International High-rise Award, MIPIM (Asia) Awards, and The Asia Pacific Property Awards. Somdoon Architects broadened its scope over time to embrace a variety of architectural feats, ranging from hotels and offices to mixed-use developments.
pbm is a versatile design studio located in Bangkok, engaging in various disciplines including architectural design, interior design, lighting design, and environmental graphic design. Led by a team of five architect family members, the studio combines innovative thinking, contemporary trends, environmental considerations, aesthetic principles, and user-centric approaches to craft unique and tailored design solutions.
Chiangmai Life Architects and Construction specializes in environment-friendly and sustainable architecture. The firm's focus on using materials like bamboo and clay/earth reflects its commitment to creating bioclimatic spaces that foster harmony and well-being while minimizing environmental impact. Chiangmai Life Architects constructs large bamboo structures, such as trusses for various buildings, all while striving for carbon neutrality or a negative carbon footprint. Its dedication to sustainability has earned it numerous accolades and awards, including recognition from prestigious organizations like the FIBRA Award, Dezeen Awards, WAN Awards, Architizer A+ Awards, IDA Gold Awards, and Terra Award.
TA-CHA Design is an architecture and design company located in Nonthaburi, Thailand. Despite being a small firm, TA-CHA Studio is dedicated to delivering exceptional outcomes for both clients and society. The firm's notable projects include the Binary House and FH Office, distinguished by their structural complexity and unique character.
Based in Bangkok, PHTAA Living Design is a dynamic team of architects, interior designers, and creatives. Founded in 2016 by Ponwit Ratanatanatevilai, Harisadhi Leelayuwapan, and Thanawat Patchimasiri, the firm is driven by a strong belief in the power of architecture to unite culture with meticulous design, striving to enhance the quality of living. With a deep passion towards sculptural, autonomous, and ambiguous architectural and interior designs the firm strives to create a cross-cultural design language that integrates diverse influences.
Vaslab is a design firm located in Bangkok, presenting expertise in architecture, interior design, and urban design. The studio, led by Vasu Virajsilp, has earned international recognition, including the 2014 International Architecture Award presented by The Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Architecture and Design and The European Centre for Architecture Art Design and Urban Studies, the 2014 Iconic Awards by The German Design Council, and the 2009, 2013, and 2014 World Architecture Festival Awards (finalists) as well as the 2014-15 Asia Pacific Property Awards for Architecture.
Vin Varavarn Architects Ltd. is known for its innovative and practical design solutions. Established in 2004, the firm has gained recognition for its contextual approach and imaginative utilization of materials. With a diverse portfolio, including projects for both public and private sectors, the firm delivers bespoke solutions tailored to various budgetary requirements.
Sher Maker is a design and makers studio based in Chiang Mai, Thailand. It operates as a small design unit engaged in projects across various scales within the design realm. The studio's primary focus is on developing the substance of design, leveraging expertise in local construction techniques and materials. The application of knowledge from diverse disciplines in the creation process is regarded as an art of communication by Sher Maker.
ForX Design Studio comprises architects and designers with varied expertise in architectural and interior design. Its services include architecture, master planning, and interior architecture. Operating as both practical architects and innovators, it maintains a flexible style, emphasizing the integration of architectural and interior spaces. Its projects adopt a research-based design approach that respects and combines contexts and user needs. The studio, known as For e(X)perimental Design Studio, explores new architectural ideas and user experiences through experimental processes.
The '25 best firms' series is curated by the Archello editorial team. The selection is based on a number of factors including the number of shortlisted and winning entries in the Archello Awards, the number of projects a firm has uploaded to its Archello profile, the number of projects that have been featured by Archello, as well as the size and quality of the projects included in each firm's Archello portfolio.