Nieuwlarenstein Deventer

Nieuwlarenstein Deventer

Architect
Architecten_Lab
Location
Netherlands | View Map
Project Year
2021
Category
Apartments
Chiela

Nieuwlarenstein Deventer

Architecten_Lab as Architects

By opening the gates and realizing a residential function, Nieuwlarenstein becomes part of the urban fabric of the surrounding district. The monumental school buildings and the history of the place form a special starting point.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The transformation of this national monument into a residential building breathes new life into this complex. This historic place around a communal courtyard garden forms a special living environment in the district. Through a surgical approach and the courage to partially demolish the transformation, the transformation will function well.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The Tropical Agricultural College on the corner of Brinkgreverweg and Ceintuurbaan has a rich architectural and cultural-historical background. The Rijks Hogere Landbouwschool on the Brinkgreverweg in Deventer was opened on September 16, 1912 by Prince Hendrik under the name Middelbare Colonial Agricultural School. The training was especially tailored to the plantations of the Dutch East Indies and the sugar industry. In 1957 the name of the school was changed to the National Higher School for Tropical Agriculture. The training focused more on tropical agriculture worldwide. The school remained independent for a long time, but merged with two other schools in 1988. A second merger followed in the period 2003-2005 and in 2006 the Deventer location was moved to Wageningen. Many people in and around Deventer still remember the stories of this training in Deventer.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The building on Brinkgreverweg became vacant and was eventually bought by Ter Steege Bouw Vastgoed, who wanted to build housing there. The complex is a national monument, which is why an extensive architectural-historical research has been carried out into the historical backgrounds of the school in order to arrive at an urban development, architectural and cultural-historical value assessment. Until the early twentieth century, Deventer developed unsuspectingly and virtually without an urban development vision.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The agricultural school was part of an urban development plan that had to structure the growth more. This can also be seen beautifully in the aerial photo. As municipal architect, Christiaan Hendrik Holgen (1865 – 1913) was responsible for both the urban design of the area (1911) and the architecture of the school (1912). Shortly before that, he designed the gas factory on the Zutphenseweg (1909 – 1912). Until the pre-war extensions, extensions were made almost invisibly, according to the ideas of architect Holgen. The post-war extensions at the rear are typical of the development of the school, but are much less in line with the pre-war construction in architecture.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

Design
The original building from 1912 and 1928 is preserved. The post-war extensions are largely demolished but remain visible in the site. As a result, the original architecture of architect Holgen comes into its own again, but the growth of the school complex remains visually legible. The heads of the post-war extensions to be demolished are accentuated by slenderly detailed fronts. The houses with a garden in the monument and the new construction will also have large aluminum fronts that provide plenty of daylight and above all a view of the special inner garden.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The layout of the fronts refers to the architecture of the greenhouses that used to be in the garden. The oldest parts of the national monument are characterized by a strong rhythm of symmetrically arranged facade sections, interrupted by important accents such as the entrance and staircase. On the street sides, the restoration and preservation of the current prominent facades is an important goal.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

Interventions such as balconies have been placed on the inner garden to enable a pleasant residential program. The original corridor structure, which is characteristic of the school, partly merges into the apartments. In these places the old and new program 'scours' and the corridor can still be felt. This is how, after much puzzling, unique apartments are created in this historic building.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The new buildings consisting of ground-level homes and a small-scale apartment building in line with the school building together form an urban square. This creates a beautiful green courtyard in the heart of the city. The relatively blind end walls of the old building on Brinkgreverweg suggest that Holgen had planned an extension along this road.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The urban development and architecturally weak post-war extension is largely taken up on the street side by the new apartment building. The new building is in line with the monumental building in terms of building mass and roof shape and strengthens the supervision of buildings along the Brinkgreverweg.

photo_credit Chiela
Chiela

The characteristic bridge remains clearly recognizable and provides space for the entrance to the new apartments and the inner garden.The new building seeks to connect with the monument by means of an abstract translation of architectural means. It is restrained by simpler and darker use of color with less rich detailing and ornamentation.

photo_credit DW Animations
DW Animations
Share or Add Nieuwlarenstein Deventer to your Collections
Project Credits
Product Spec Sheet

Wilkie D. Ferguson, Jr. United States
next project

Wilkie D. Ferguson, Jr. United States

Courthouses
Miami, Florida, USA - Build completed in 2007
View Project