Markthal Rotterdam

Markthal Rotterdam

Shopping Centres, Urban Green Spaces and Housing
Markthal, 3011 Rotterdam, Netherlands - Build completed in 2014
RockfonMarkthal – Silence And Noise

story by Rockfon

Markthal – Silence And Noise
Markthal – Silence And Noise
Rockfon as Acoustical Ceiling Manufacturers
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Grupo AndaluciaMARKETHALL ROTTERDAM - AN INNOVATIVE SHOPPIING CENTER

story by Grupo Andalucia

MARKETHALL ROTTERDAM - AN INNOVATIVE SHOPPIING CENTER
MARKETHALL ROTTERDAM - AN INNOVATIVE SHOPPIING CENTER
Grupo Andalucia as Manufacturers
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Daria Scagliola+Stijn Brakkee

Markthal Rotterdam

MVRDV as Architects

It is the first covered food market in the city. The roof of the market hall is an arch accommodating 228 apartments; underneath the hall are 1,200 parking spaces and a supermarket. The combination of market hall and housing is a new typology.Markthal is an energy efficient building and has been awarded a BREEAM very good rating.


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Today Queen Máxima of the Netherlands opens Markthal Rotterdam, a project by developer Provast. Markthal is the first covered food market of the Netherlands, drawing inspiration from food markets in Stockholm, Barcelona and Valencia. The roof of the market hall is an arch accommodating 228 apartments, underneath the hall are 1,200 parking spaces and a supermarket. The combination of market hall and housing is a new typology and, located in Rotterdam’s city center, is expected to attract 4,5 to 7 million visitors each year. The construction of Markthal, a design by MVRDV, took five years to be completed. The project was executed by contractors J.P van Eesteren, Mobilis and Martens en Van Oord.


At Markthal Visitors will be able to shop, eat, enjoy a drink on the terrace, live and park their car, all underneath the tall arch of 40 meters height. Markthal is located in the city center of Rotterdam, in the historic Laurenskwartier which is currently being redeveloped. The project is part of the ambition of the city council to turn the Laurenskwartier into a lively and bustling area.


Markthal comprises 96 fresh food stalls and shop units, ranging from Rotterdam based businesses and market vendors to established local heroes. They will offer a diverse range of products: from fresh fish to game, from cappuccino to cheese, from Chinese to Dutch, from ice cream to local produce, from bargains to exclusive slow food.


The ground and first floor accommodate 20 retail units, restaurants and cafés. All shops are food-related and include a crockery- and a wine shop. A supermarket is located on the 1st underground level allowing the shoppers to complete their shopping under one roof. ‘The World of Taste’, a center for education, information and innovation in the field of healthy eating will open on 1st January 2015.


The building with a total surface of 95.000 m² was designed by Rotterdam based architecture and urban planning firm MVRDV. The arch-shaped hall has a height of 40 meters, inside the arch 228 apartments are situated. The ground floor has a length of about 120 meters and a width of 70 meters, the size of a large football pitch. The underground car park has a total of 1.200 parking lots. Markthal is an energy efficient building and has been awarded a BREEAM Very Good rating.


In order to attract a large number of visitors, the building is designed with an open character. The open sides had to be closed to prevent rain and cold from entering, but kept as transparent as possible by opting for a single glazed cable net façade. Comparable to a tennis racket, pre-stressed steel cables create a suspended net in-between which the glass panes are hung. Markthal’s cable net façade is the largest of its kind in Europe and flexible to withstand heavy storms.


The exterior facade is clad in grey natural stone; the same is used for the market floor and the surrounding public space, in this way the emphasis lays on the colourful interior.


The large mural which covers the vaulted interior, ‘Cornucopia’ by artists Arno Coenen and Iris Roskam has a total surface of 11.000 m² making it one of the largest artwork of the Netherlands. ‘Cornucopia’ shows oversized images of market produce which can be bought at the market, while the flowers and insects refer to the work of Dutch still life masters from the 17th century. In order to achieve the required sharpness, the image was rendered by Pixar software. It was printed onto perforated aluminium panels, then attached to acoustic panels for noise control. The print resolution of the art work is comparable to a glossy magazine.


Markhal makes Rotterdam home of a new urban typology, a hybrid of market and housing. Markthal comprises of 102 rental- and 126 freehold apartments among which 24 penthouses. The apartments vary from 80 m² to 300 m², from two to five bedrooms. Every apartment has a view either towards the river Maas or the Laurens Church, and towards the market through windows or a glass floor made of sound and smell proof triple glazing.


In 2004, the City of Rotterdam launched an architectural competition for a market hall in combination with housing. Six developers were invited of which Provast was awarded the 1st prize. The winning concept, which is now being realized, proposed to combine both functions in one building.


The design by MVRDV was realized in collaboration with INBO architects, Royal HaskoningDHV, Peutz and Techniplan. Contractor Mobilis and Martens en Van Oord realized the underground car park, contractor J.P. van Eesteren is responsible for the complete structure above ground.


Retail property company Corio is the investor of the market stalls, food shops and cafés and restaurants; housing corporation Vesteda manages the 102 rental apartments. The underground car park is owned by the City of Rotterdam and managed by Interparking. The structure above ground was financed by ABN AMRO.


Market Hall will be open 7 days a week, from 10 am to 8 pm (Sunday noon to 6 pm) with extended opening times for the restaurants and cafés. The underground car park will be open 24 hours a day

Artwork Ceiling Market Hall

Arno Coenen as Architects

The 11,000 sq m artwork on the interior façade of the building displays massive enlargements of fruits, vegetables, grains, fish, flowers and insects and in the background, one can also see the Sint Laurenskerk. According to the artists Arno Coenen and Iris Roskam, the Horn of Plenty is an adoration of nature and an ode to the universe. Coenen completed the work in cooperation with a team of six specialists.


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Rotterdam – Horn of Plenty The 11,000 square metre artwork on the interior façade of the Market Hall in Rotterdam displays massive enlargements of fruits, vegetables, grains, fish, flowers and insects. In the background, you can also see the Sint-Laurenskerk. According to the artists Arno Coenen and Iris Roskam, who want to evoke the childlike feeling of wonderment with this work, the Horn of Plenty is an adoration of nature and an ode to the universe. Coenen completed the work in cooperation with a team of six specialists.


Selection Committee The committee emphasises that it is specifically the artwork by Arno & Iris in collaboration with MVRDV that has been shortlisted, not the entire (and already much applauded) design of the market hall. The work demonstrates that the experience of a space is dependent on the good application of art. Coenen has achieved an extravagant impression that an architect cannot do on his own. With this work, Rotterdam makes an impressive statement, with an enormous force of attraction.

Markthal – Silence And Noise

Rockfon as Acoustical Ceiling Manufacturers

The architects decided to keep all other functions such as window frames, floors and ceilings in a calm, grey tone. As they needed acoustical ceiling which had no seams with correct color possibilities, they used ROCKFON Mono® Acoustic.


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The MARKTHAL covered market in the city centre of Rotterdam is one of the first of its kind in the Netherlands. The unique structure was designed by MVRDV Architects, who were approached by the city of Rotterdam to create a combined market and residential building. After several drafts, MVRDV decided that they did not want to cover the market with a traditional low roof, and instead they drafted an arch. “In that way the apartments would be able to see the market, and really experience this,” explains project architect, Anton Wubben, of MVRDV.


Making the market the focal point of the construction, they decided to cover the inside of the arch with a piece of art consisting of 4,000 colourful panels by local Rotterdam artist Arno Coen. The surrounding apartments were constructed to have a view into the market, and the penthouse apartments were even equipped with glass floors, allowing residents to look directly down onto the stands. To direct visitors’ attention directly towards the life in the market, MVRDV kept all other elements in a very minimal design. “Whatever we did, the market should be the centre of the design, and all the functions around it should facilitate this,” says Wubben, “so the space needed to be as minimally designed as possible.”


To achieve this discreet expression, MVRDV decided to keep all other functions – such as window frames, floors and ceilings – in a calm, grey tone. “We needed an acoustical ceiling which had no seams whatsoever, and the correct colour possibilities, so there we used ROCKFON Mono® Acoustic,” Wubben says. The result is an impressive structure with a remarkable balance between peaceful privacy and hectic interaction. “In the end we created a space, a framework you could almost say, that is the host for a market, but we could never have imagined the way the city has embraced this project. And although we have worked towards this in the design, the way that people use this building in the end is overwhelming,” he says.

MARKETHALL ROTTERDAM - AN INNOVATIVE SHOPPIING CENTER

Grupo Andalucia as Manufacturers

The walls of the market are covered with ceramics and LCD TV screens (Perforated Aluminium sheets from Grupo Andalucia!) with giant images of fruits and other products that can be found in the stores. The entrance, 40 feet tall and wide is covered with a flexible glass façade.


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The construction of The Rotterdam Market Hall began in November 2009. The building, which is a hybrid of market and apartment s, is a commitment of the Dutch city to repopulate the center, relegated to office spaces since much of the area burnt dow during World War II. The construction of the first indoor market in the Netherlands and it will have a total area of 100,000 square meters. Located next to the church Laurens (one of the few buildings left standing after the bombing of World War II), the Market Hall stands "as a new urban typology that integrates market, restaurants, leisure, housing and parking" .


The walls of the market are covered with ceramics and LCD TV screens (Perforated Aluminium sheets from Grupo Andalucia!) with giant images of fruits and other products that can be found in the stores. The entrance, 40 feet tall and wide, is covered with a flexible glass facade that will see the exterior and the entrance of sunlight.

The first covered Market area in The Netherlands

Markthal Rotterdam as Tenants

The structure includes a huge market floor on the ground floor under an arch of apartments. Its shape, vibrant interior and the height, turns the building into an unique spectacle. The combination of an apartment building covering a fresh food market with food shops, restaurants, supermarket and an underground parking is rare.


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Rotterdam has a new icon: Markthal Rotterdam. At a historical location at the Binnenrotte, next to Blaak Station and the largest weekly open air fresh food and hardware market in Rotterdam, the first covered market of the Netherlands was realised. Markthal includes a huge market floor on the ground floor under an arch of apartments. Its shape, its colourful interior and the height turns Markthal into an unique spectacle. Unique is not only its shape and size, but especially the way the different functions are combined. The combination of an apartment building covering a fresh food market with food shops, restaurants, a supermarket and an underground parking is found nowhere else in the world.

Market Hall Cable Net Facades

Octatube as Sub-Contractor

The design covers the front and backside with a flexible suspended glass facade. These transparent cablenet facades are 42 m wide and 34 m in height.Octatube has been responsible for the engineering, production and installation of these large glass facades in collaboration with Provast (Client), JP vanEesteren (Main Contractor), RoyalHaskoningDHV (Structural Designer), MVRDV (Architect) and Inbo (Interior Architect).


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The glass facade is divided in 26 vertical and 22 horizontal cables. Together they form a suspended net, similar to a tennis racket that functions as a single layered load bearing structure. The cables are pre-stressed between strong (60 mm thick) steel boxes embedded and cast in the concrete walls. The boxes have been designed in such a way that rough concrete tolerances could be transferred into tight tolerances needed to construct a glass facade. The galvanized steel cables run through spherical joints to allow for deformations and prevent material fatigue. All cables have a diameter of 31.3 mm, and their breaking strength is 884 kilonewtons. One of the technical challenges for the structural facades of the Market Hall, is to deal with the high pre-stress forces that have to be transferred to the concrete arch. The cables are prestressed to a maximum of 300 kilonewtons each, of which 50 kilonewtons is in fact surplus capacity to deal with the consequences of creep in the concrete.


A cast steel node is placed where the cables cross each other, allowing the vertical and horizontal cables to intersect while fastening the corners of the glass panels in one single detail. The distance from the horizontal cables to the glass is 150 millimetres and the distance from the vertical cables to the glass is 100 millimetres. Laminated single glass units, with a typical dimension of 1485 by 1485 millimetres, are fixed to the cables by means of circular clamping plates. In the middle, the facade can be exposed to deflections up to 70 centimetres during extreme wind loads. A horizontal deflection of a facade with such tolerances is one of the characteristics of cablenet facades. The deformation causes the cables to elongate and the glass panels to rotate up to 5.4 degrees. In the corners of the facade where 2 sides of the glass panels are more or less fixed, one corner can move inwards and outwards up to 50 millimetres. The detail of the door portals is also interesting: the portal frames are moving with the facade disconnected from the revolving doors. The main structure of the cablenet facades consists of galvanized steel cables, cast clamping nodes and steel plates for the embedded boxes. All cables in the facade are of the same type, but the theoretically required pretension force is different for each cable. For practical reason the cables’ pretension forces have been distributed and grouped per five adjacent cables. In addition, a very specific pretension protocol has been written to gradually and uniformly load the concrete arch. The cables are - without pretension - too short to fix them directly at both sides. Therefore, the cables have been fixed at one side, while a temporary tension bridge has been used at the opposite side. After installation, the cables have symmetrically been pre-stressed for 50% by means of hydraulic pretensioning, after which a second round of pre-stressing has brought the pre-tension in all cables to 100%. During this operation the cables have all been stretched between 94 and 147 millimetres each. The maximum applied tensile force of 300kN can be compared to 20-25 middle class cars. The typical glass panel is 1485 by 1485 millimetres, composed of clear heat-strengthened float glass. The single glass units are laminated with two panes of six millimeters. It has been a deliberate choice from the architect not to apply any coating on the glass. The main consideration for this has always been to maximize the sense of openness and transparency. The two facades both have a total glazed area of 1258 square meters.


The Market Hall was opened on the first of October by Queen Maxima. Ever since the opening the building has attracted ongoing publicity. There are hundreds of favourable reviews from both the international architecture platforms and international media such as The Guardian and The New York Times. The realization of the building has also played an essential role in strengthening the reputation of the city and the brand of Rotterdam, now named as one of best cities in the world for travellers to visit. In the first few weeks the Market Hall had already attracted one million visitors. The exterior facade is clad in grey natural stone; the same is used for the market floor and the surrounding public space, in this way the emphasis lays on the colourful interior. The large mural has been rendered in the Pixar Studios and covers the vaulted interior. Especially at night the 11.000 square meter interior painting, called ‘Cornucopia’ or ‘The Horn of Plenty’, comes alive. This sensation is enabled by the transparency of the cable facades with only nine kilograms of structural steel per square meter. The success of the Market Hall may lay in the synthesis of a new urban mixed-use building typology, bold architecture and a spectacular interior artwork. The cable facades facilitate these aspects. Not only has the building already won several prices, but also the cable facades are awarded with the Dutch Construction Awards 2015 in the category for building materials and –systems. The jury praised the synergy between structure and architecture as well as the guts and intelligence of the engineers. Cable facades are an emerging trend in architecture. They are the perfect tool to create very transparent facades of which the Market Hall's cable facades are a prime example.

Markthal Rotterdam

Guardian Glass as Glass

The  exterior incorporates 10,000 sq m of Guardian SunGuard® SuperNeutral® 70/41 and Guardian ExtraClear® glass, in the apartment windows as well as elsewhere in the building. Germany’s Hero-Glas Veredelungs GmbH fabricated all the insulating glass units, and Dutch glazier AKS Bouw BV produced the façade.


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Rotterdam’s Guardian SunGuard®-clad Markthal snares architecture prize The spectacular, arched Markthal, or Market Hall, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, clearly impresses more than just those who shop or live there. The 100,000-square-metre, mixed-use structure – which includes 228 apartments and some 100 fresh market produce stalls, a supermarket, restaurants, 1,200 parking spots, and more – recently took home the prestigious Rotterdam Architecture Award.


Designed by the Dutch architectural firm MVRDV, the structure’s exterior incorporates 10,000 square metres of Guardian SunGuard® SuperNeutral® 70/41 and Guardian ExtraClear® glass, in the apartment windows as well as elsewhere in the building. Germany’s Hero-Glas Veredelungs GmbH fabricated all the insulating glass units, and Dutch glazier AKS Bouw BV produced the façade.


“A secure, covered square emerges beneath an arc, conceived as an inversion of a typical market square and its surrounding buildings,” according to MVRDV’s website. “During the day it serves as central market hall, after hours the hall becomes an enormous, covered, well-lit public space” that remains lively due to the restaurants on the first floor.


The award itself is organised by AIR, the Rotterdam architecture centre, which says its goal is to raise the standard of architecture within the city and to create an identity for Rotterdam, by highlighting the cohesion of the urban fabric and the liveliness of the city.


The awards ceremony took place 16th of December 2015 in the Rotterdam City Hall. The MVRDV website cited the jury’s comment that the Markthal contributes great value to the housing supply in Rotterdam, and allows individuals “to live with market functions, shops and restaurants in a festive, multifunctional space with undisputed iconic value. It is an asset for the city.”


Built for developer Provast Nederland BV, the structure is a fully integrated, sustainable combination of food, leisure, living and parking in the new inner-city heart of the Laurens Quarter, the original pre-war centre of Rotterdam.


Guardian SunGuard SN 70/41 glass offers excellent selectivity – very high natural-light transmission along with solar heat gain. Its multifunctional coating reduces the need for artificial light and offers excellent solar protection combined with outstanding thermal insulation.


Streetlife delivered CorTen Shrubtub Colour Tree Tubs

STREETLIFE BV as Tree Tubs

Streetlife delivered CorTen Shrubtub Color Tree Tubs for the public space around the new building. The color of these tubs is chosen by the municipality of Rotterdam specifically and used all over the city.

The Shrubtubs remain moveable and are therefore perfect for intensively used public spaces.


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Streetlife delivered CorTen Shrubtub Colour Tree Tubs for the public space around the new Markthal in Rotterdam. De colour of these tubs is chosen by the municipality of Rotterdam specifically and used all over the city. The Shrubtubs remain moveable and are therefore perfect for intensively used public spaces.

Boon Edam applied a special door construction

Royal Boon Edam International BV as Revolving Door Manufacturers

Royal Boon Edam provided with 4 Duotour revolving doors with integrated automatic sliding doors.


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Royal Boon Edam provided the Markthal Rotterdam with 4 Duotour revolving doors with integrated automatic sliding doors.

Rotterdam Markthal RVS Curved

Stackdoor as Manufacturers

On both the front and the rear of the Markthal in Rotterdam, the revolving doors are secured by the Stackdoor stacking fence. Not only the fences but also the enclosure and side guide are finished with stainless steel so that it fully fits the overall picture.


Klépierre, a major player in continental Europe’s retail real estate market with shopping centers in 57 cities and 16 countries, including the leading Markthal in Rotterdam, has given the order for this.

Thanks to its strong security features, round design and aesthetic look, the unique Stackdoor Curved proved to fit perfectly with the according to TripAdvisor no. 1 attraction in Rotterdam. Due to the opening hours these fences will not be seen often, photos and a video in the closed state will also have to wait a bit but will soon be here.


Markthal Rotterdam, the first covered market floor in the Netherlands, was opened by Queen Maxima on 1 October 2014. Next to the central station Blaak, in Rotterdam. Under a gigantic 40 meter high arch designed by MVRDV architects, is the first covered market in the Netherlands and is a home for local and international products


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