Royal Arena

Royal Arena


Copenhagen, Denmark
Project Year
© Adam Mørk

An Arena out of the ordinary

3XN as Architects

16-Nov-2017 Can an arena be a good neighboor? Large stadiums and music venues are often placed in the outskirts of cities, but not in Copenhagen. Royal Arena, a 35.000 square metre venue, has just opened in the middle of a residential area, and is designed by 3XN Architects together with HKS to be a good neighbour.

One of the most anticipated cultural venues in Copenhagen, the 35,000 m2 Royal Arena, opened with four sold out concerts by Metallica. Specially designed for concerts and international level sporting events, this new venue combines two key ambitions: to create an attractive and highly flexible multi-purpose arena that can attract spectators locally as well as internationally, while ensuring that the building’s presence will be a catalyzer for growth for the entire district as well as Copenhagen. With a podium that offers different public areas for social meetings and daily activities with a warm timber façade allowing spectators to look out and the curious to look in, the arena is designed to catalyse urban life, thereby adding value and fitting into the surrounding neighbourhood.

The Good Neighbour Without a doubt, a building of this size affects the community next to it. Copenhagen’s new international arena is not, like a traditional arena, located on the outskirts of the city. It sits amidst a dense residential urban area with housing and businesses. As ’the good neighbour,' therefore, its design needs to encourage active interaction and those characteristic values which make a neighbourhood enjoyable.

“Our most important question before starting out the Royal Arena project was: How do we design the good neighbour for this area?” tells Kim Herfoth Nielsen, Founder and Creative Director at 3XN Architects.

From the beginning, therefore, it was central to 3XN to create an intimate symbiosis between the building and the community, activating its surroundings and offering new opportunities for those who live and work adjacent to the building. All its facets, the arena is designed to be a ‘good neighbour’. Central was the idea of ‘putting people first’. A radical rethinking of the Arena typology was, therefore, inevitable.

A Scandinavian take on the typology Central to the design of the Royal Arena is a unique podium acting as a link to the adjoining neighbourhood. This feature is designed to efficiently absorb the movement of spectators through a variety of small plazas, pockets and gathering areas which have been carved from the podium’s perimeter. It simultaneously encourages the community to embrace the variety of public spaces, staircase, and adjacencies which promote activity and liveliness when the building is not in use.

“Since the arena is a local building, it was important to us to design it as an aesthetic contribution to the area, and not just a massive concrete block like other stadiums tend to be. Design wise, Royal Arena is easy to recognize with the curvy wooden fins and the minimalistic Nordic expression and fits the nearby area,” Kim Herfort Nielsen explains.

To achieve optimal flow at all scales of events, 3XN designed the building with a single podium which efficiently absorbs the movement of spectators through a variety of small plazas, pockets and gathering areas which have been carved from the podium’s perimeter. Visitors enter the podium via a wide staircase and from the podium enter the building via a large main entrance or, in case of large audience sizes, are distributed smoothly along the facade between four different entries. The wavelike movements lift up slightly above the natural entry points of the Arena making way-finding easy and logical.

From Metalica to Celine Dion - from Icehockey to Cirque du Soleil The bowl contains a variety of design features to improve performance experience, such as angled walls to improve sightlines, a flat ceiling, acoustic walls, vomitories to facilitate access and a stage set up which is first rate. With a 22 meter height around the stage, it is the focus point no matter where one isseated. The flexibility of the design allows for the widest range of events; and possible configurations that is therefore almost infinite.

As concerts will make up a large proportion of events at the Royal Arena, the end stage configuration is very important. The Arena is also extremely flexible. It allows for a comprehensive range of staging options with a 22 meter height surrounding the stage. In addition, the symmetrical block layout, allows seating to be built up, reduced, expanded or sectioned off in the most appropriate ways for each concert, but also highly capable of adapting to quick operational changes and requirements based on ticket sales. The building has an open ground foor and a public plateau at the first floor level. Most of the spectators are seated on three sides of the stage/track/court, with the option to accommodate further visitors on the fourth side for sporting events and special cultural events. In concert-mode, the arena floor can be retracted.

The Royal Arena is nominated for sports building of the year at this years World Architecture Festival in Berlin.

8-Jun-2012 A team of 3XN, HKS Architects, Arup, ME Engineers and Planit has won the design competition for the new Copenhagen Arena, which will be situated in the Ørestad-area a short metro ride from the city center of Denmark’s capital. The project is expected to be completed in the fall of 2015. Copenhagen Arena is designed so that the interior spaces can be adjusted depending on whether the event is a concert or a sporting event, in this way guests will always enjoy optimum conditions. However, the flexibility goes beyond a usual arena: "Our ambition was to create an arena, that besides from hosting a range of amazing sporting and musical events would also be a catalyst for various local activities for the enjoyment of residents and visitors. Therefore, the areas surrounding the arena are designed to be used for recreational purposes, while the public foyer easily can host markets or exhibitions. In this way, the arena is also a cultural center," says Partner and Creative Director of 3XN, Kim Herforth Nielsen. Architecturally the design of the Arena is divided into a plinth and a top. The organic shapes of the plinth create a number of spaces and niches, which can be used for recreational purposes and which also helps to regulate the movements of many spectators. The top has a semi-transparent facade, where terracotta fins in a warm golden color, waves on the building in a circular motion. Terracotta is a material that has a long history of use in Denmark. It is durable and robust, and gives the arena stoutness. Moreover, the waving motion of the terracotta fins adds a playful and elegant expression to the building. The areas where the top rises from the plinth mark the arena entrances. Thus, the façade contributes to making it easy for spectators to find their way, explains Partner and Head of Competition of 3XN, Jan Ammundsen. The glass between the terracotta fins makes the building appear open and accessible, while the foyer areas receive natural light. Copenhagen Arena will have a capacity of between 12,500 and 15,000 spectators, depending on the type of event taking place.

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