Over the past few years, Russia has been actively developing sports infrastructure, including remodeling old stadiums and building new ones. This can largely be attributed to the 2014 Sochi Olympic Games and the 2018 FIFA World Cup, which is going to be hosted by 11 Russian cities. Additionally, an increased interest in football is encouraging local authorities and even private companies to actively invest in projects to create sports facilities in which the players can train and compete. For example, in Krasnodar there are two stadiums under construction and one of these is going to host a promising young football club bearing the same name as its home city.
FC Krasnodar was founded in 2008 at the initiative of Russian businessman Sergei Galitsky. It took the Club several years to progress from the second division to the Russian Premier League. The new status and bright prospects proposed a new challenge for Club management as it now required a new stadium that complied with UEFA standards.
Project development was assigned to GMP Bureau (Germany) (a consortium with vast experience in the design and construction of various sports facilities worldwide) and the SPEECH Bureau, a Russian firm that also has a portfolio of successfully implemented sports facility projects.
City authorities have allocated a plot land in the eastern part of Krasnodar near Vostochno-Kruglikovskaya Street where the football school for children is located. The stadium will look monumental against the background of the surrounding residential houses, architecturally dominating the surrounding area located along the transport axis that links the city center and the airport.
In spite of the recent trend for constructing streamlined or even “bionic” stadiums, the designers offered a more traditional architectural solution, taking classical shapes and prototypes that are borrowed from the masterpieces of classical architecture and the best sports facilities created during the 20th century, like the Olympic Stadium in Berlin (designed in 1936 by Werner March). Emphasis is placed on the external walls that form the ellipse of the football field and the grandstands surrounding it, which are oriented along a North-South axis. This accentuates the dynamics and loftiness of the 43-meter high walls that are covered with travertine. Although still under construction, the stadium has already been nicknamed the Krasnodar Coliseum. Horizontal lines of columns are located at different levels and intervals to form precisely proportioned metric rows. The ground/entrance level of the facility is 9 meters high and the columns are spaced 7.6 meters apart. The second and highest level is 19 meters high. It surrounds an open bypass terrace around the grandstands. Here, the intervals between the columns are 3 times less. The top level is 7 meters high. It has more open space and the interval between the columns is increased to give the feeling that the building has dissolved into thin air.
To ensure visitors' comfort, modern stadiums have roof over grandstands. A joint team of German and Russian experts have created a roof for this stadium that is unprecedented in Russia. It incorporates a large-span cable system for the load-bearing structure, which looks like a bicycle wheel with two compressed external belts and an extended internal ring with cables strung between them. This structure supports the thin-shell roof, which has glass panels at the periphery that are supported by additional steel cantilevers. The internal ring is left open to ensure adequate lighting and ventilation.
The stadium design solution fully complies with the highest modern standards of comfort and safety both for visitors and athletes. Thus, the future stadium will enable FC Krasnodar to host the UEFA matches.
An unparalleled LED screen with a total area of 4 696 square meters will ensure informational and visual coverage of stadium events.
An intriguing fusion of classical forms with modern construction systems and materials, this football stadium in Kasnodar, Russia is the first building in the country to feature a cable supported roof structure. Additionally, more than 10,000m2 of stainless steel wire mesh elements from HAVER were installed on the ceilings and walls.
Classical shapes and prototypes were borrowed from the masterpieces of classical architecture and best sports facilities during the 20th century, such as the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. Emphasis is placed on the external walls forming the ellipse of the football fields and the grandstands surrounding it. The 43 meter high walls are covered in travertine, while horizontal lines of columns are located at different levels and intervals to form precisely proportioned metric rows.
Alongside this, HAVER Architectural Mesh EGLA-MONO 5031, appears due to its one flat side as a uniform veil across the expansive surfaces. In addition to its aesthetic merits, a benefit of this architectural mesh is that it meets the highest demands for fire safety and due to the semi-transparency the functioning of ventilation systems, air-conditioning and sprinkler systems remains without restrictions.
The roof system is unprecedented in Russia, and includes a large-span cable system for the load-bearing structure, which looks like a bicycle wheel with two compressed external belts and an extended internal ring with cables strung between them. This structure supports the thin-shell roof, which has glass panels at the periphery that are supported by additional steel cantilevers. The internal ring is left of open to ensure adequate lighting and ventilation.
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The new stadium of FC Krasnodar was designed by the architecture office gmp architects from Germany and the Russian office Speech Architecture. The monumental façade of the elliptical stadium is a total of 43 meters high and covered with light-colored travertine. Still under construction, the stadium has already been nicknamed the “Krasnodar Coliseum”, because of its columns spread over three levels of the façade, which strongly resembles the ancient Roman Coliseum.
HAVER Architectural Mesh cladding with individual cutouts For the interior and exterior areas of the stadium the architects chose the HAVER Architectural Mesh EGLA-MONO 5031, which appears due to one flat side as a uniform metal veil on large surfaces. 6,800 m² of wire mesh were used on the 12 m wide partition in the outdoor area, which separates the public area from the stadium ground. The up to 4.7 m long ceiling elements made of stainless steel wire mesh were folded by 90° and attached to painted frame elements. The elements are removable and have different cutouts for various installations such as lamps, video cameras and loudspeakers. In total, Haver & Boecker produced 1,627 wire mesh elements in 60 different element types with 916 individual cutouts for the outdoor area. For the access balconies and the interior of the stadium more than 3,300 m² of the HAVER Architectural Mesh EGLA-MONO 5031 have been used. 1,560 mesh elements with 202 different types of elements cover these areas.
Exclusive design concepts with HAVER Architectural Mesh HAVER Architectural Mesh allows prestigious and at the same time functional ceiling design that can creatively be designed due to the structure, type of installation and illumination – from shimmering, via translucent to opaque, from cool and elegant to warm and discreet. A comprehensive range of coarse and fine mesh, flexible and rigid mesh types as well as a wide range of different mounting possibilities offer options for individual plans and exclusive design concepts.
HAVER Architectural Mesh made of stainless steel meets the highest demands for fire safety and due to the semi-transparency the function of ventilation systems, air-conditioning and sprinkler systems remains without restrictions. The wire mesh elements can be realized straight or wavy, in strained tracks or in removable elements. Also technical components such as lighting fixtures or sprinklers can be integrated into the mesh ceiling.
Everything from a single source The requirements for HAVER Architectural Mesh are as varying and individual as each project itself. Therefore Haver & Boecker offers comprehensive services in each phase of a project – from the first draft, to production and installation. Based on expertise and more than 125 years of successful company history, today they are able to offer customers the benefit of their unrivalled experience, technology and know-how about wire mesh – and beyond.
This football stadium is the first building in Russia to have a cable supported roof structure. High earthquake and snow loads, poor subsoil conditions and technical demands of the local authorities represented challenging boundary conditions. The developed spoked wheel roof consists of two uncoupled compression rings and one tension ring. The floating upper compression ring has a sliding pendulum bearing in order to balance shifting at the eight throughout joints of the concrete stadium bowl. The lower compression ring rests on steel columns. Wind bracings in the main axes provide the necessary stability. The space between the upper and the lower membrane houses the building services. A floating glass roof forms the inner edge of the roof; spring dampers were specially developed for this project to control the movements of the glass roof elements. Thus, an earthquake-proof stadium with a lightweight roof could be realized.
Type of structure: membrane roof, spoked wheel structure with inner glass roof, integrated gas heating and lighting within lower membrane layer
Owner: OOO "ИНВЕСТСТРОЙ"
Architect: gmp · Architekten von Gerkan, Marg und Partner / Speech
Contractor : KSM mit Graboplan und Redaelli
Scope of work: conceptual design, construction design, erection analysis, fabrication supervision, site supervision
Total roof area: 24,100 m²
Roof area membrane: 22,000 m²
Roof area glass: 2,100 m²
External diameter of roof:210 m
Inner diameter of roof: 105 m
Upper membrane: PTFE
Lower membrane: PTFE mesh
Awards Stadium of the Year Competition 2016: 2. Position of Public Vote, 3. Position of Jury Vote