The new Hospital Sant Joan de Reus is conceived as an engine of expansion area of the municipality where it’s planned to generate a new technological area. This urban dimension marks its hatched definition, capable of generating routes and link flows in the city.
The building is implanted in a horizontal bar with two basements and ground floor
it is situated on a comb of 6 admission bars of two floors each.
The north facade supports one of the fast access roads to the city by some cantilevered bodies that house the hospital. The focus of public service hospital, is oriented to south and is conceived as a great avenue, transitional space between the exterior and interior
The project aims to modulate the scale of a large hospital equipment, from urban scale characteristic of the access areas and public circulation until the proper scale of hospitalization, with their need for proximity and withdrawal. In this sense the public area is both functional and climatically, as if it were a covered street and the area of inpatient grouping around three landscaped courtyards, where the rooms are oriented to, trying to humanize the life of this area .
The hospital is seen as a great system that organizes service subsystems. The public, medical and technical needs are ranked and connected by circulations that form a sequence that defines restrictions on the accessibility, clarifying the circuits and avoiding interferences.
The architecture is also an infrastructure capable of producing directly the weather and lighting to his inner life.
The new Sant Joan Hospital is a building designed to provide a contemporary response to the hospital program, takes special care in the comfort of the patient and the staff who have to use it, and responds to the needs of eco-efficiency by decreasing energy consumption by 35% respect the average consumption of a hospital.
This was achieved without using large active energy saving facilities (geothermal, solar fields, etc.) that would have further increased the levels of savings.
The building has been built with a construction rate of the order of 1200 € / m2, in the lower range of prices for hospital construction.
This project is presented according to the urban requirements of the plot and the guidelines established by the functional program. It must be taken into account that the building, due to its public use and seize, is a very important benchmark for the new technological park and the city of Reus. At the same time, we consider that the facilities are going to give an emblematic and modern image so as to achieve a high architectural quality and efficiency as new hospital.
The objective of the new hospital building project is to take the most of the site features by improving the functional program and its link between the different areas and their surroundings, and also optimizing the vehicular traffic and flow of people. All this is accomplished in the final project organization. After evaluating different alternatives, the project is presented as a major horizontal unit with light wells on which six two-storey hospitalization volumes rest as if they were floating. These volumes are linked to a large public circulation area (rambla); the slanting facade and the
project of some smaller annex buildings give the hospital a more pleasant appearance along with the city, the technological park and the new university campus. The project is organized into two circulation axis or streets. The medical circulation axis, the part that is more in contact with the dual carriageway of Bellisens, is in the north part of the site where the entrances and exits of the parking lot and the technical logistics sector will be built.
The public circulation axis, located in the south of the site, opens onto a new pedestrian walk. In this large circulation area, that we are going to call rambla, all public entrances to the hospital emerge from a square. The idea of this hospital design is to control its size and make it similar to the urban dimensions, controlling and balancing the landscape impact of such a building in the city.
The project consists in building a low height hospital, with changes in the existing topography, a big well-lit unit where the general public and the physicians can communicate, with green spaces, evoking nature in the building area. In the facade, where pedestrian accesses are located, the large scale building is softened with two project strategies.
On the one hand, the facade plane that covers the whole building is bent over, optically reducing the physical presence of the building and increasing its perspective effect. On the other hand, on the ground floor there are rounded pavilions at a lower scale that receive people, helping to organize the different entrances. In the big area of the public rambla, the personnel, patients and visitors encounter a public square which enters into the building as if it were part of it.