Baku Flame Towers

Baku Flame Towers

Architect
Francis Krahe and Associates

HOK London
Location
Baku, Azerbaijan | View Map
Project Year
2012
Category
Offices

Housing
Stories By
Francis Krahe and Associates
© DIA Holdings

Baku Flame Towers

Francis Krahe and Associates as Architects

Known as the “City of Eternal Fires”, Baku’s history inspired the flame shape building form and lighting animation of Baku Flame Towers. This iconic building’s lighting transforms the city’s skyline, promoting its historic identity. The internal illumination system seamlessly integrated into the curved building form expresses the transparency of the architecture and creates lanterns at night. The versatile, programmable LED system provides opportunity to create a wide range of abstracted patterns and illustrated images that warp and twist with the building skin, creating a unique perception of movement and light.


The Baku Flame Towers stands distinctly, 190m tall, among the horizon of mid-rise historic buildings. Translating Baku’s history of abundant natural gas and its vibrant future, is the Flame Tower’s dynamic façade lighting system, installed behind the building’s windows to give the illusion of ribbons of light. Custom LED lighting systems were designed to project dynamic color and imagery, lower power consumption and sustain a lifetime of 15-20 years for reduced maintenance. Fixture housings, designed for easy installation into the curtain wall system, are accessible from the building interior.


The lighting system consists of LED bands, mounted between exterior glass wall mullions, approximately 1.2 meters apart. Each LED band, containing four 300 cm lengths, are controlled separately for color and variability, creating a three dimensional field of illumination. Reflectorized housings, designed and placed to project lighting effects outward, are not visible from within, to avoid obstructions from city views. LED band lengths consistently maintain a maximum gap between fixture and window frame of less than 15mm. The building’s unique curvilinear form and multiple window dimensions, required precise calculations and a flexible mounting solution, resulting in a minimized variety of 16 different lengths.


The 10,000 LED units across three towers are controlled by a central computer, project animated graphics across the building skin from mpg or avi file format. More than 25km of data cabling connect individual LED units in a networked array, addressing each 300mm pixel and mapping those points to a central processor, controlling the lighting effects of each tower independently or in unison to present a synchronized effect. Pre-programmed effects are deployed at specific time intervals to respond to time-of-day as well as to mark culturally significant holidays and celebrations. LED boards, custom populated with red, green, blue and red, green, amber diodes, provide a full spectrum of color even when viewed through the highly reflective, color-tinted glazing. The resulting system allows for a smooth, fluid animation, enabling the use of any sort of media to be transferred into the projection system.


Typically displaying burning flames, the intelligent control system allows for simple lighting show changes for subtle, dynamic artistic expressions and as well as broadcasting of significant local events and messages. From the standpoint of engineering, seamless architecturally integrated solutions and maximized lighting effects, the project represents technical expertise both in terms of the architectural and lighting system. Transforming the building from day to a nighttime beacon, the lighting façade system has the ability to animate the city’s skyline, representing something truly dynamic about Baku and Azerbaijan’s re-emergence onto the world stage.


Project Credits
Products used in this project
Product Spec Sheet

ElementBrandProduct name
ManufacturersMikodam
ManufacturersSCHÜCO
ManufacturersDream Glass Group - DGG
manufacturerTraxon Technologies
Product Spec Sheet
Manufacturers
Manufacturers
by SCHÜCO
Manufacturers
manufacturer
Featured Projects
Latest Products
News
Graux & Baeyens responds dynamically to Belgian farmhouse vernacular
27 Jan 2022 News
Graux & Baeyens responds dynamically to Belgian farmhouse vernacular

Forming the core of a new living/exterior room, the thoughtful introduction of covered outdoor space... More

Alfa Research Center is an island of the future that captures the realities of daily life
27 Jan 2022 News
Alfa Research Center is an island of the future that captures the realities of daily life

An ‘island of the future’ that gathers the best technologies to improve products, the ne... More

The Diptych by Para Project speaks to urban UNESCO Heritage fabric
26 Jan 2022 News
The Diptych by Para Project speaks to urban UNESCO Heritage fabric

A temporary pavilion for the 2021 Brugge Triennale, TraumaA, Brugge, Belgium, The Diptych by PARA Pr... More

Phoebe Says Wow Architects take a novel approach to coffee in the city with their renovation of Fifteen Steps Workshop Coffee
25 Jan 2022 News
Phoebe Says Wow Architects take a novel approach to coffee in the city with their renovation of Fifteen Steps Workshop Coffee

In a bustling commercial district of Taipei, Phoebe Says Wow Architects undertook this renovation of... More

Simple and robust Paris Metro Line reaches great depths with an impressive structural concept
25 Jan 2022 News
Simple and robust Paris Metro Line reaches great depths with an impressive structural concept

Located at the base of the Paris judicial tribunals, the new Porte de Clichy station by AZC Atelier... More

Holiday Home Hagen features an abstract façade made of ‘knitted’ logs
24 Jan 2022 News
Holiday Home Hagen features an abstract façade made of ‘knitted’ logs

On the outer skirts of Laterns Bonacker, Holiday Home Hagen by Marte.Marte Architects is part of a s... More

Lafine de Paris Wedding Showroom provides a unique platform for works of art
21 Jan 2022 News
Lafine de Paris Wedding Showroom provides a unique platform for works of art

In China, Huqiu Wedding City is an important wholesale and retail base for the wedding industry that... More

Peloponnese Rural House by Architectural Studio Ivana Lukovic provides needed respite for a nature-loving family
21 Jan 2022 News
Peloponnese Rural House by Architectural Studio Ivana Lukovic provides needed respite for a nature-loving family

Surrounded by picturesque olive groves in the Greek village of Kalamia, Peloponnese Rural House by A... More