Library and Learning Centre

Library and Learning Centre

Libraries
Vienna, Austria - Build completed in 2013
© Roland Halbe

Library and Learning Centre

Zaha Hadid Architects as Architects

The building rises as a polygonal block from the heart of the new University campus and the design takes the form of a cube with both inclined and vertical façades. In the interior, these straight edges become curvilinear and fluid to allow light, views and connections throughout the building.

The building complex includes the main library, the ballroom, the study service center, a café and the centre for studies abroad.


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Architectural Concept


The new Library and Learning Centre rises as a polygonal block from the heart of the new University campus. The interior of the LLC is informed by the external circulation of the masterplan which maps out the different levels of the building. The straight lines of the building’s exterior separate as they move inward, becoming curvilinear and fluid to generate a free-formed interior canyon that serves as the principal public plaza of the centre, as well as generating corridors and bridges ensuring smooth transitions between different levels.


Functional Plan


The aim of the functional plan is to clearly define the different areas of the building. The plan is translated into a three dimensional object which outlines the space around the central atrium, the corridors and the canyons. The main block of the building houses the Service Area, the Learning Centre and the Economics Library, with Student Services and Library Management located in the smaller block.


While the interior edges of the site join together in a flowing free-form, the exterior edges of the building are cut sharply and their alignment contrasts with the site edges specified on the master plan and with the position of the adjacent buildings.


Internal Circulation


From the main entrance of the LLC, visitors can walk directly to the central auditorium which also functions as a large atrium flooded by natural light. A system of ramps leads from the auditorium to the library entrance and the central services on the first floor. The security and locker areas are located on the mezzanine below.


Visitors can access the library and the student management offices via ramps and stairways spiralling upwards from the ground floor. The different areas on the upper levels are connected via platforms, bridges, terraces and galleries.


Façade


The external appearance of the LLC is characterized by two elements of contrasting colours separated by a glass joint: shell and shadow. These different colours facilitate the orientation and understanding of the two primary areas of the building from the exterior.


fibreC panels characterise Zaha Hadids Library and Learning Center in Vienna

Rieder Smart Elements GmbH as facade panels

The product FibreC 3D in liquide black and bianco, FE was used in the area of 6,100 Sq m. The product was able to meet all the requirements including aesthetics, material quality and the challenge of implementing the design of a slightly curved building cubature with curved concrete panels.


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The library and learning centre is one of seven buildings that make up the new campus at the Vienna University of Economics and Business (Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien), designed to accommodate 24,000 students and 1800 staff.


fibreC 3D elements were able to meet all the requirements of the star architect Zaha Hadid, including aesthetics, material quality and the challenge of implementing the design of a slightly curved building cubature with curved concrete panels.


Product Information: 6,100 m² fibreC 3D in liquide black and bianco, FE

HAVER Architectural Mesh improve acoustics.

HAVER and BOECKER as Manufacturers

390 sq m of HAVER Architectural Mesh DETENTION 7016 were used as wall cladding inside the building. The white painted mesh elements at the atrium of the building are fixed to frames. Together with absorber materials the wall covering with HAVER Architectural Mesh improves the room acoustics significantly.


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The new university campus in Vienna is currently the largest new university building in Europe. Based on the master plan by the Viennese architect BUSarchitektur six buildings, planned by six different international architects, are located on 100,000 m².


The core of the new campus is the LLC – Library & Learning Center, designed by the architect Zaha Hadid. The building complex includes the main library, the ballroom, the Study Service Center, a café and the Centre for Studies Abroad.


Inside the building 390 m² HAVER Architectural Mesh DETENTION 7016 are used as wall cladding. The white painted mesh elements at the atrium of the building are fixed to frames.


Due to the structure made of round wires, which scatter sounds in different directions, wire mesh is good for optimizing acoustics. Together with absorber materials the wall covering with HAVER Architectural Mesh improve the room acoustics significantly.

RIBA European Award for Library and Learning Centre

ARUP as Engineers

Arup’s lighting designers created the conceptual and detailed lighting for the internal public spaces, library, offices, study areas and the exterior of the building. The structure includes materials, façade construction and differentiated colors of light that accentuates the shape and form as well as the varying uses of the building.


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Arup’s lighting designers created the conceptual and detailed lighting for the internal public spaces, library, offices, study areas and the exterior of the building. Las week Library and Learning Centre (LLC), the central building at the heart of the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU Wien), won a Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) European Award. The recently opened project was designed by Zaha Hadid Architects to accommodate 25,000 students and 1500 staff and serves as the university´s meeting point and gathering space. Our conceptual and thorough design role helped to convert the architect’s vision in a buildable solution which emphasises the different building functions as well as the dynamics of the design. The 42,000m² building rises as a polygonal block from the middle of the university campus. The design takes the form of a cube with both inclined and vertical façades. In the interior, these straight edges become curvilinear and fluid to allow light, views and connections throughout the building. The structure includes materials, façade construction and differentiated colours of light that accentuates the shape and form as well as the varying uses of the building. “This project is an example of the role that lighting plays in reinforcing iconic architecture with the aim of strengthening or redefining an image and brand, in this case for a university campus." — Paula Longato, Lighting Designer, Arup The engineering was done both in 2D drawings and in 3D models in order to convert the architect’s design into a buildable solution with very satisfactory results for both the architect and the project owner. “The building fulfils a far more relevant and important purpose as a readily visible and usable resource for the new site and the popularity of the building with students and other users as a place for study is clearly evident." — RIBA Award 2014 WU is the EU’s largest educational institution for business and economics, business law, and social sciences. A total of six new buildings have been constructed on the WU campus located between the Vienna Messe and Prater Park at Welthandelsplatz.

Library and Learning Center

Vienna University Of Economics And Business as Association

The new campus was planned with the goal of providing all of WU’s faculty, staff, and students with the best possible conditions for work and study. To achieve this goal, well-thought-out floor plans were realized using sustainable construction materials and methods.


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A Unique Campus Campus WU is characterized by its six distinct building complexes, designed by renowned international architects. The generously proportioned open grounds between the individual buildings invite students, faculty, and visitors to stroll around and relax.


Visitors entering the Campus WU from the east entrance find themselves on the busiest spot on campus. The square outside the Teaching Center is a popular meeting area for teachers and students, and there’s always people coming and going. The wide, inviting seating installations are in high demand. The Teaching Center and the neighboring department building D1 were planned by the Vienna-based architectural agency BUSarchitektur. The façade is made of maintenance-free Corten steel, which will slowly change color as it weathers over the years. Entering the Teaching Center, visitors find themselves in a spacious, light-filled atrium. The entrance to WU’s largest auditorium, the Audimax, is located here in the atrium. Areas for individual study are spaced around the atrium in a spiral pattern. There is also a direct entrance to the Mensa cafeteria from the atrium. The cafeteria connects the Teaching Center with the department building D1.


KEY FACTS ›› Six building complexes with 100,000 m2 total floor space ›› Lot size: 90,000 m2, 560 m in length and between 150 and 210 m wide ›› Grounds: 55,000 m2 ›› Approx. 4,000 rooms, including 90 auditoriums and other classrooms, seating a total of approx. 5,000 ›› Approx. 3,000 student workstations, 1,500 of which are located in the OMV Central Library


Across from the Teaching Center is the wavy, black-and-white façade of the Student Center/D2 complex designed by Japanese architect Hitoshi Abe. The two long, gracefully curved buildings appear to be constructed of stacked layers of contrasting color. The distance between the units is calculated to allow for a maximum of natural light in the buildings’ interior. Four departments, one research institute, the Berndorf Library for Business Languages, the offices of the WU branch of the Austrian Students’ Union (ÖH), a public child care center, a supermarket, a bookstore, and a restaurant are located in this complex. The Library & Learning Center by Zaha Hadid is the heart of the campus, both geographically and figuratively. The cantilevered roof with its sweeping glass front (the “monitor”) is visible from afar. Coming closer, visitors will realize that the building is divided into two sections, separated by a vein of glass running the length of the building. Inside, the impressive, futuristic entrance hall rises four stories high. After passing through the entrance hall, the building splits into two parts, connected by walkways. The OMV Central Library takes up most of the building, extending in a funnel shape over six floors. The building also houses all study-related service units, IT Services, and two cafés. To the west of the square in front of the Library & Learning Center, the neighboring buildings are the bright orange and yellow complex designed by Sir Peter Cook and CRABstudio, and a department complex planned by Carme Pinós. Peter Cook’s organiclooking ensemble D3/AD is made up of two main buildings, a department building and an administrative building, and houses WU’s law departments, the Library for Law, WU’s management and administration, and a bakery shop. The brightly colored façades are fronted with a lively arrangement of vertically and horizontally mounted wooden planks, intended as a visual reference to the trees of nearby Prater Park. The building interiors are characterized by rounded, flowing shapes and bright primary colors.


The most prominent feature of the department building D4, directly across from the D3/AD complex, is a multitude of parallelograms, found both in the basic plan of the building and in the façade. The playful arrangement of the geometric shapes results in a livelylooking building with offset windows. Academic departments, research institutes, the Library for Social Sciences, and a restaurant are located in this complex designed by Spanish architect Carme Pinós. A few steps further on, the WU Executive Academy building marks the western perimeter of the campus. The compact, seven-story tower was designed by Madrid architects NO.MAD Arquitectos, based on a mono-material design principle. The outer façade is made of glass and aluminum. Different degrees of transparency, from opaque to completely translucent, reflect the sky and the surrounding greenery, integrating the building perfectly into its environment. In addition to the Executive Academy’s offices and classrooms, the building also houses two restaurants.


Intelligent Architecture


The new campus was planned with the goal of providing all of WU’s faculty, staff, and students with the best possible conditions for work and study. To achieve this goal, well-thought-out floor plans were realized using sustainable construction materials and methods.


The top priority when planning the campus was to create a working environment for students, faculty, and staff that encourages productivity and communication. Intelligent room planning with the right rooms for individual working styles was a key factor in realizing this goal. The campus buildings also reflect the three-phase Bologna academic structure: The Teaching Center, where most of the campus’ auditoriums are located, is intended mainly for bachelorlevel teaching. Most of the master and PhD-level programs are taught in the department buildings, and continuing education programs are held in the WU Executive Academy building.


Sustainability in all areas was also a main consideration. Economic, ecological, and social sustainability aspects were included in all aspects of planning. The buildings are all based on the same overall technical concept: The building infrastructure is standardized in terms of construction, energy supply, ventilation, and sanitary facilities. The entire campus was designed in accordance with “green building” principles. Much of the required energy is obtained using geothermal energy from groundwater, and all buildings are equipped with energy-saving occupancy-sensitive and daylight-sensitive lighting systems. Waste heat recovery systems channel the heat produced by WU’s IT infrastructure back into the campus energy supply network.


“The WU Welcome Center in the Library & Learning Center is an inspiring workplace with outstanding architecture, and guests to the Welcome Center are always very impressed by the atmosphere.” (Gabriele Singer, International Office, Welcome Center)


Another key feature of Campus WU is barrier-free accessibility. The campus not only complies with all existing legal guidelines, it also incorporates additional features adapted from best practice examples. All auditoriums are specially equipped for people with disabilities, all areas are designed to be wheelchair accessible, and the campus also features a tactile guidance system for the visually impaired.


Learning Landscapes


In addition to its impressive architecture, Campus WU also offers students and teachers state-of-the-art classrooms and teaching equipment.


AUDITORIUMS AND CLASSROOMS All of the large auditoriums and most of the smaller seminar rooms and classrooms are in the Teaching Center building, and additional smaller classrooms are located on the ground floors of the department buildings for barrier-free accessibility. All classrooms and auditoriums on campus have natural daylight for a pleasant teaching and learning atmosphere.


WU’s largest auditorium, the Audimax, seats close to 650. Smaller auditoriums seat 180, 120, or 60, and seminar rooms seat up to 30 occupants. All classrooms on campus are administered using a central booking system. This software coordinates all room reservations on campus and allows for efficient room management.


Classrooms are equipped with both traditional teaching aids like flipcharts and whiteboards as well as state-of-theart presentation technology. Almost all rooms are equipped with double projection screens, allowing teachers to present multiple visuals at the same time. Digital whiteboards allow both teachers and students to present, rearrange, and combine materials in new and creative ways. Notes taken during the presentation directly on the presented materials can be saved as a PDF file and uploaded to WU’s eLearning system Learn@WU.


INDIVIDUAL STUDY AREAS AND PROJECT ROOMS


Increasing the number of student workstations was a key goal when planning the new campus. Most of the new workstations are located in the Library & Learning Center, but study zones are also available in the department buildings and the specialist libraries. With approximately 3,000 workstations, WU was able to double the number of places available at its old location. Different working environments were created to suit every learning need. Quiet study zones are perfect for intense, concentrated studying, whereas in communicative study areas, students can converse and work together.


Project rooms are a completely new room category. Project rooms are available in a variety of sizes (seating 2–20) and can be booked by teachers for small classes or breakout sessions or by students for group projects or study group activities.


COMPUTER LABS The new campus has a number of computer labs, two of which are in the Library & Learning Center and three in the Teaching Center. Computer labs are open to students when not in use for classes. The Departments of Socio economics and Information Systems and Operations also have their own computer labs.


RAIFFEISEN LANGUAGE RESOURCE CENTER


The Raiffeisen Language Resource Center is a modern language teaching facility. Its comprehensive selection of teaching materials and digital resources gives students numerous ways to learn and efficiently master foreign languages. The Center’s new rooms on campus provide ideal conditions for independent language learning.


The Department of Foreign Language Business Communication also has state-of-the-art language labs for its language classes. The student computers installed in the labs are linked together in a network and the teaching environment facilitates a wide variety of language-learning activities.


Room for Knowledge


Research is one of WU’s core competences. The architecture of the campus creates space for efficient academic work and for gathering knowledge.


Campus WU was built to reflect the university’s academic structure, which is organized into departments. Previously, the individual institutes that make up each department were scattered across various locations – now they are concentrated into the campus’ four department buildings for increased convenience and efficiency in the faculty’s everyday work.


The department buildings were designed to create the best possible working conditions for WU’s faculty and staff. Light-filled, well-equipped offices allow for optimal concentration, productivity, and creativity. Conference rooms are available for working in teams. All conference rooms are equipped for audio-visual presentations. Spacious lounges and break areas in the institutes and departments encourage informal networking and communication.


LIBRARIES


The WU library is the largest of its kind in Austria and one of the largest in the German-speaking world. It is organized into four libraries on Campus WU. The OMV Central Library, the largest of the four, is located in the Library & Learning Center, and the specialist libraries are housed in different department buildings, giving WU’s researchers fast and easy access to the literature they need for their work.


The OMV Central Library, spread over a total of six floors, has 1,500 student workstations and 66 computer workstations. In the library’s Mondi Newslounge, over 70 daily newspapers, weekly papers, magazines, and business and economics magazines are available for reading. The Library PressDisplay gives library users access to over 1,600 daily newspapers from over 90 different countries.


The Library for Law is located in the D3 building with all of WU’s law departments, and contains literature from all legal fields. Building D4 houses the Library for Social Sciences, in close proximity to the Departments of Socioeconomics and Economics. The Berndorf Library for Business Languages has a wide selection of media on linguistics and foreign languages, as well as current periodicals in the languages taught at WU. This library is intended mainly to aid the faculty of the Department of Foreign Language Business Communication in their teaching and research. All specialist libraries have work and study areas, project rooms, and color scanners.


Open Spaces


A stroll across campus makes it clear that the planners also had the rest and relaxation needs of its future occupants in mind. The grounds between the buildings are a park-like landscape with walkways and open spaces, lawns and fountains, lush plantings, and inviting seating installations. The various outdoor furnishings are as diverse as the buildings, created to inspire visitors to take a short break or sit down for a longer rest. In front of the Teaching Center, students and visitors sit and lounge on the wide, comfortable wooden platforms, while smaller seating niches nestled into the large planters dot the area in front of the D3 building. Between the AD and D4 buildings, an artificial island surrounded by water on three sides is furnished with organically formed concrete seats and tables designed by Vienna designers Graulicht. A softly rolling green landscape forms an inviting, sofa-like seating area across from the Executive Academy building.


“The campus makes studying at WU a special experience. Even in difficult moments, it offers an oasis of peace and quiet. WU much more than just a university – it’s art in concrete.” (Jens Krebes, student)


Campus WU also has a wide selection of restaurants and cafés to suit every taste. Ranging in size from the Mensa cafeteria to intimate small cafés, most hospitality providers on campus also have outdoor seating in the summer months. Insider tip: The restaurant Comida y Luz on the top floor of the Executive Academy building offers a spectacular view of Vienna from above. The campus grounds were designed to be a space for communication. The recreational areas and restaurants on campus are not just for WU’s students, faculty, and staff, but also for neighbors, passersby, and other visitors.


Via one of the three main entrances or one of the smaller entranceways, the campus grounds are open for exploring 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. Cold and rainy days are no problem on campus, either: Faculty and staff have comfortable lounges and seating areas for lunch and coffee breaks, and students can use the six student lounges distributed among the department buildings. Student lounges are furnished with couches, tables, and chairs and are perfect for eating, relaxing, or meeting friends between classes.


Space for Events


WU is venue to numerous events that take place outside of the university’s everyday academic activities. With its panel discussion and lecture series, for example “Open Minds” and “Wirtschaft Wissenschaft Unplugged,” WU presents controversial topics for debate. WU also hosts conferences and congresses both large and small, bringing international experts and speakers to Vienna.


Campus WU offers appropriate rooms for these and other events. The Ceremonial Halls on the ground floor of the Library & Learning Center seat 400 and 200 guests and are equipped with state-of-the-art presentation technology. Smaller events can be held in the club lounge upstairs in the Library & Learning Center or in the Executive Academy foyer. Six conference rooms seating between 20 and 80 people are located in the AD building. Auditoriums can also be used for lectures or panel discussions. The Forum in the Library & Learning Center is the ideal venue for largerscale events, including WU’s bachelorlevel graduation ceremonies, small trade fairs, and informational events for students. Open-air events can be held on the StageWU, directly opposite the Library & Learning Center. The raised platform, reached by a series of broad steps, makes a perfect stage for outdoor events.


WIEN UNIVERSITY BY ZAHA HADID

STUA as Furniture

STUA has furnished two main spaces of this project: the Learning Center and the Central Café with its Nube armchairs and Marea tables. The STUA furniture contrast in shapes and colors with the white internal curves of building architecture.


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The Vienna University of Economics and Business designed by Zaha Hadid, reflects the relevance of architecture & design at universities that will compete for the near future of its students.


STUA has furnished two main spaces of this project: the Learning Center and the Central Café with its Nube armchairs and Marea tables. The STUA furniture contrast in shapes and colors with the white internal curves of Zaha Hadid’s architecture. Making these spaces contemporary and vibrant.


The Nube armchair is a design by Jesús Gasca and Jon Gasca that merges square & rounds shapes. For more info about Nube armchair: www.stua.com/eng/coleccion/nube.html Marea, designed by Jesus Gasca, is a very light-looking table with a slimline central pedestal. More info: www.stua.com/eng/coleccion/marea-table.html

Library and Learning Center

OBJECT CARPET GmbH as Carpet

5,350 sq m of Glory carpet tiles from OBJECT CARPET were laid in the building. The textile impresses with its shiny metallic effects, which are particularly accentuated by the silver and grey colors used here. The sound-absorbing quality of the textile reduces noise even at high frequency.


More from the manufacturer:


After a four-year construction phase, the unique campus of Vienna University of Economics and Business was opened in October 2013. At its heart is the new "Library & Learning Centre" (LLC). It was designed by Zaha Hadid. This contemporary university concept in a unique learning landscape is surrounded by gardens. The 28,000 m² LLC was designed as a polygonal block in the centre of the university campus in Vienna. The architecture takes the form of a cube with both angled and straight edges. The straight lines of the outside building divide and become curved and streamlined. They move into a free-form internal canyon, which creates the central auditorium and venue for events at the heart of the university campus. The large overhanging roof is a contrasting element and its front of windows reminiscent of a monitor looks out over the central square.


Campus visitors are almost drawn into the new LLC by the "walk-along" park area around it which was planned by BUSarchitektur. Inside the spiral ramps and staircases arranged in all directions lead to the upper levels,where the book stacks and working areas are located. This organic design creates a smooth transition between the various levels. The LLC houses the main library as the centre of study and research, the student working areas of the Learning Centre and the student services, such as the student office, examinations office, academic registry and IT services with its Info Centre.


The LLC was fitted with just under 5,800 m² of Poodle self-laying carpet tiles from OBJECT CARPET. The extremely resilient shag pile is particularly suitable for high-traffic areas. Thanks to its distinctive pile height, it is also impossible to see any joins when used as carpet tiles. A further 1,700 m² of Glory carpeting has been laid in the LLC. Both textiles were manufactured with the antron® high-tech carpet fibres from Invista, which are characterised in particular by their dirt-resistant and robust properties. In the special dark and light shades of purple, the floor creates an attractive colour contrast to the predominantly white surfaces of the building. The Poodle textile in dark grey "smoke" underlines the distinctive architectural design. The excellent foot-fall and sound-absorbing properties of the carpets create a low-noise environment.


The Student Centre, designed by the architect Hitoshi Abe, forms another complex on the WU campus. The purpose of this complicated academic building is to maximise flexibility and encourage interaction between departments. A series of narrow,overlapping structures has been built in a row and atria for communal use are located in the spaces between them. These are an invitation to linger and meet up with friends and serve as a forecourt for the individual departments. The façades of the buildings – based on the puff pastry of a "millefeuille – consist of thin layers on top of one another. They not only create an impression of transparency and closeness but also provide visual privacy.


5,350 m² of Glory carpet tiles from OBJECT CARPET were laid in the building. The textile impresses with its shiny metallic effects, which are particularly accentuated by the silver and grey colours used here. The sound-absorbing quality of the textile reduces noise even at high frequency.