Floors and Stairs (3191)
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All About Floors and Stairs
A floor is the bottom surface of a room available in many-layered surfaces. Floors may be stone, wood, bamboo, metal or any other material that can support the expected load. It typically consists of a subfloor for support and a floor covering gives a good walking surface. A staircase is a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances called steps. Stairs may be straight, round, or may consist of two or more straight pieces connected at angles. There are special types of stairs which include escalators, ladders, elevators, stair lifts and inclined moving walkways.
Flooring is a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering. Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. The choice of flooring is one of the most basic yet important decisions a homeowner has to make when undertaking a renovation. Moreover, stairs are provided for convenience to access floors, roofs, levels and walking surfaces not accessible by other means. These may be in a straight run, leading from one floor to another without a turn or change in direction.
Flooring materials are classified as flooring includes carpet, laminate, tile, and vinyl. The choice of material for floor covering is affected by factors such as cost, endurance, noise insulation, comfort, and cleaning effort. Carpet is a soft floor covering made of bound carpet fibers or stapled fibers. Carpeting refers to wall-to-wall coverage, whereas a rug is simply used to cover a space. This type of flooring is typically used indoors and can be used in both high and low traffic areas. Cork flooring is considered to be eco-friendly and comes in both tiles and planks, and can have glue or glues-less installation. Laminate is a floor covering that appears similar to hardwood but is made with plywood with a plastic laminate top layer.
Floor cleaning is essential to prevent injuries due to slips and to remove dirt. Floors are also treated to protect or beautify the surface. The correct method to clean one type of floor can often damage another, so it is important to use the correct treatment. Cleaning wood flooring is pretty simple. Wiping such floor with a soft, damp mop every week, avoiding soap or astringent cleaners, which leave residue or dull the finish is desirable.
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